Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335); shaoi: Named for Kwang-Tsao Shao, Taiwan. More on author: Randall.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 160 m (Ref. 79876). Tropical
Northwest Pacific: Taiwan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 79876)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17;
Vertebrae: 30. This species is distinguished by the following characters: body color in life red dorsally, white ventrally, 9 brown bars on upper third body, darkest on edges, especially ventrally; ventral 2/3 with orange-red bars aligned with the dorsal dark bars; head light red with a large curved red band extending ventrally from eye; snout with a dark orangish band along edge of upper lip; fins without dark markings except for a dark spot at base of soft rays of the dorsal fin; D V,21; A I,17; pectoral rays 16-18 (nearly all with 17); lower jaw projecting, 3 pairs of canine teeth anteriorly in lower jaw; palatine teeth absent; vomer with a row of stout conical teeth, followed by another row of very small teeth; ctenoid scales on body, becoming cycloid on nape, ventrally on abdomen, and prepelvic area; cheek with cycloid scales, small, progressively smaller and a few nonimbricate ventrally; preopercle margin no distinct sharp serrae; greatest body depth 4.7-5.1 in SL; head length (HL) 3.2-3.3 in SL; snout length 3.0-3.2 in HL; orbit diameter 3.7-4.05 in HL; interorbital width 6.25-7.35 in HL; fourth dorsal spine is the longest, 3.85-4.5 in HL; caudal fin slightly rounded with no distinct posterior prolongation centered on third branched ray; pectoral fins 3.85-4.50 in SL; pelvic fins reaching origin of anal fin, 4.35-4.85 in SL (Ref. 79876).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 2008. Six new sandperches of the genus Parapercis from the Western Pacific, with description of a neotype for P. maculata (bloch and Schneider). The Raffles Bull. Zool. 19:159-178. (Ref. 79876)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00294 - 0.01416), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .