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Fish Identification: Find Species

Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Pinguipedidae Sandperches

Genus: Parapercis

(See list of species below)



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82 species
(see list below)
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Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 14.2 cm SL
Parapercis albipinna Randall, 2008

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis albipinna
[]
No picture found
Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 16.8 cm SL

 
Parapercis albiventer
[Whitebelly sandperch]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 27 cm TL
Parapercis alboguttata (Günther, 1872)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis alboguttata
[Whitespot sandsmelt]

Photo by CSIRO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 33 cm TL
Parapercis allporti (Günther, 1876)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Parapercis allporti
[Barred grubfish]

Photo by van Heden, M.

Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 5.0 cm SL
Parapercis altipinnis Ho & Heden, 2017

Photo by van Heden, M.
 
Parapercis altipinnis
[Karen's sandperch]

Photo by Alvheim, O./Institute of Marine Research (IMR)/EAF Nansen Programme

Eastern Atlantic
Max. Length 14.3 cm SL
Parapercis atlantica (Vaillant, 1887)

Photo by Alvheim, O./Institute of Marine Research (IMR)/EAF Nansen Programme
 
Parapercis atlantica
[]

Photo by Shao, K.T.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 17 cm SL
Parapercis aurantiaca Döderlein, 1884

Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Parapercis aurantiaca
[]

Photo by Bailly, N.

Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 9.2 cm SL
Parapercis australis Randall, 2003

Photo by Bailly, N.
 
Parapercis australis
[]

Photo by Bañón Díaz, R.

Southeastern Atlantic
Max. Length 19.2 cm SL
Parapercis banoni Randall & Yamakawa, 2006

Photo by Bañón Díaz, R.
 
Parapercis banoni
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 7.8 cm SL
Parapercis basimaculata Randall, Senou & Yoshino, 2008

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis basimaculata
[]
No picture found
Western Pacific
Max. Length 15.5 cm SL

 
Parapercis bicoloripes
[]

Photo by Allen, G.R.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 10.0 cm SL
Parapercis bimacula Allen & Erdmann, 2012

Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Parapercis bimacula
[Redbar sandperch]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Pacific

Parapercis binivirgata (Waite, 1904)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis binivirgata
[Redbanded weever]

Photo by Allen, G.R.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 5.7 cm SL
Parapercis binotata Allen & Erdmann, 2017

Photo by Allen, G.R.
 
Parapercis binotata
[Solomons sandperch]
No picture found
Indo-West Pacific

 
Parapercis biordinis
[]

Photo by Psomadakis, P.N.

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 10.5 cm SL
Parapercis caudopellucida Johnson & Motomura, 2017

Photo by Psomadakis, P.N.
 
Parapercis caudopellucida
[Andaman sandperch]

Photo by Patzner, R.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 24 cm TL
Parapercis clathrata Ogilby, 1910

Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Parapercis clathrata
[Latticed sandperch]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Pacific
Max. Length 8.2 cm SL
Parapercis colemani Randall & Francis, 1993

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis colemani
[]

Photo by Denny, C.

Southwest Pacific
Max. Length 45 cm TL
Parapercis colias (Forster, 1801)

Photo by Denny, C.
 
Parapercis colias
[New Zealand blue cod]

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 8.7 cm SL
Parapercis compressa Randall, 2008

Photo by Gloerfelt-Tarp, T.
 
Parapercis compressa
[]

Photo by Patzner, R.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 23 cm TL
Parapercis cylindrica (Bloch, 1792)

Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Parapercis cylindrica
[Cylindrical sandperch]

Photo by Shao, K.T.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 15 cm SL
Parapercis decemfasciata (Franz, 1910)

Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Parapercis decemfasciata
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 15 cm TL
Parapercis diagonalis Randall, 2008

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis diagonalis
[Diagonal sandperch]
No picture found
Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 10 cm TL

 
Parapercis diplospilus
[Doublespot grubfish]
No picture found
Southeastern Pacific
Max. Length 17.2 cm SL

 
Parapercis dockinsi
[]

Photo by FAO

Western Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm TL
Parapercis filamentosa (Steindachner, 1878)

Photo by FAO
 
Parapercis filamentosa
[Threadfin sandperch]

Photo by Ho, H.-C.

Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 8.9 cm TL
Parapercis flavescens Fourmanoir & Rivaton, 1979

Photo by Ho, H.-C.
 
Parapercis flavescens
[]

Photo by Kagoshima University Museum (KAUM)

Western Pacific
Max. Length 11.6 cm SL
Parapercis flavipinna Johnson & Motomura, 2017

Photo by Kagoshima University Museum (KAUM)
 
Parapercis flavipinna
[Yellowfin sandperch]

Photo by Johnson, J.W.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 9.1 cm SL
Parapercis flavolabiata Johnson, 2006

Photo by Johnson, J.W.
 
Parapercis flavolabiata
[Yellowlip grubfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 14 cm TL
Parapercis flavolineata Randall, 2008

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis flavolineata
[Yellowline sandperch]
No picture found
Western Central Pacific

 
Parapercis fuscolineata
[]
No picture found
Southwest Pacific

 
Parapercis gilliesii
[Yellow weaver]

Photo by Maddern, M.

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 10 cm TL
Parapercis haackei (Steindachner, 1884)

Photo by Maddern, M.
 
Parapercis haackei
[Wavy grubfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-Pacific.
Max. Length 29 cm TL
Parapercis hexophtalma (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis hexophtalma
[Speckled sandperch]

Photo by Museums Victoria / D. Bray

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 6.1 cm SL
Parapercis hoi Johnson & Motomura, 2017

Photo by Museums Victoria / D. Bray
 
Parapercis hoi
[Ho's sandperch]

Photo by Cornish, A.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm SL
Parapercis kamoharai Schultz, 1966

Photo by Cornish, A.
 
Parapercis kamoharai
[]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 17.7 cm SL

 
Parapercis katoi
[]

Photo by Ho, H.-C.

Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 13.1 cm SL
Parapercis kentingensis Ho, Chang & Shao, 2012

Photo by Ho, H.-C.
 
Parapercis kentingensis
[Kenting sandperch]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Eastern Central Pacific
Max. Length 21.2 cm SL
Parapercis lata Randall & McCosker, 2002

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis lata
[Y-Barred Sandperch]

Photo by Fenner, R.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 7.6 cm SL
Parapercis lineopunctata Randall, 2003

Photo by Fenner, R.
 
Parapercis lineopunctata
[Nosestripe sandperch]
No picture found
Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 15.0 cm SL

 
Parapercis lutevittata
[Yellow-striped sandperch]

Photo by Shao, K.T.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 14 cm TL
Parapercis macrophthalma (Pietschmann, 1911)

Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Parapercis macrophthalma
[Narrow barred grubfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Indian Ocean.
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Parapercis maculata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis maculata
[Harlequin sandperch]
No picture found
Indian Ocean
Max. Length 10.8 cm SL

 
Parapercis maramara
[]

Photo by Fennessy, S.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 18.5 cm SL
Parapercis maritzi Anderson, 1992

Photo by Fennessy, S.
 
Parapercis maritzi
[]

Photo by Bailly, N.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm TL
Parapercis millepunctata (Günther, 1860)

Photo by Bailly, N.
 
Parapercis millepunctata
[Black dotted sand perch]

Photo by Ho, H.-C.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm SL
Parapercis multifasciata Döderlein, 1884

Photo by Ho, H.-C.
 
Parapercis multifasciata
[Gold-birdled sandsmelt]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 15 cm TL
Parapercis multiplicata Randall, 1984

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis multiplicata
[Redbarred sandperch]

Photo by Park, J.-H.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm SL
Parapercis muronis (Tanaka, 1918)

Photo by Park, J.-H.
 
Parapercis muronis
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 8.9 cm SL
Parapercis natator Randall, Senou & Yoshino, 2008

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis natator
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 25 cm TL
Parapercis nebulosa (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis nebulosa
[Barred sandperch]

Photo by Ho, H.-C.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 13 cm SL
Parapercis okamurai Kamohara, 1960

Photo by Ho, H.-C.
 
Parapercis okamurai
[]

Photo by Shao, K.T.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 11 cm SL
Parapercis ommatura Jordan & Snyder, 1902

Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Parapercis ommatura
[]
No picture found
Western Pacific
Max. Length 18.6 cm SL

 
Parapercis pacifica
[]
No picture found
Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm SL

 
Parapercis phenax
[]

Photo by The Fish Database of Taiwan

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Parapercis pulchella (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)

Photo by The Fish Database of Taiwan
 
Parapercis pulchella
[Harlequin sandsmelt]

Photo by Ho, H.-C.

Western Indian Ocean.
Max. Length 14.3 cm SL
Parapercis punctata (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Ho, H.-C.
 
Parapercis punctata
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 13 cm TL
Parapercis punctulata (Cuvier, 1829)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis punctulata
[Spotted sandperch]

Photo by Dubosc, J.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 20.8 cm SL
Parapercis queenslandica Imamura & Yoshino, 2007

Photo by Dubosc, J.
 
Parapercis queenslandica
[]

Photo by CSIRO

Eastern Indian Ocean
Max. Length 20 cm TL
Parapercis ramsayi (Steindachner, 1883)

Photo by CSIRO
 
Parapercis ramsayi
[Spotted grubfish]

Photo by Ho, H.-C.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 10.7 cm SL
Parapercis randalli Ho & Shao, 2010

Photo by Ho, H.-C.
 
Parapercis randalli
[]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 30 cm TL
Parapercis robinsoni Fowler, 1929

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis robinsoni
[Smallscale grubfish]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Pacific Ocean
Max. Length 15.9 cm SL
Parapercis roseoviridis (Gilbert, 1905)

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis roseoviridis
[]

Photo by CSIRO / D. Bray

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 6.9 cm SL
Parapercis rubricaudalis Johnson & Motomura, 2017

Photo by CSIRO / D. Bray
 
Parapercis rubricaudalis
[Redtail sandperch]

Photo by Ho, H.-C.

Pacific
Max. Length 11.4 cm SL
Parapercis rubromaculata Ho, Chang & Shao, 2012

Photo by Ho, H.-C.
 
Parapercis rubromaculata
[Redspot sandperch]

Photo by Ho, H.-C.

Western Central Pacific

Parapercis rufa Randall, 2001

Photo by Ho, H.-C.
 
Parapercis rufa
[]

Photo by Erdmann, M.V.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 7.2 cm SL
Parapercis sagma Allen & Erdmann, 2012

Photo by Erdmann, M.V.
 
Parapercis sagma
[Saddled sandperch]

Photo by Greenfield, J.

Indo-Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm TL
Parapercis schauinslandii (Steindachner, 1900)

Photo by Greenfield, J.
 
Parapercis schauinslandii
[Redspotted sandperch]

Photo by Shao, K.T.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm TL
Parapercis sexfasciata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)

Photo by Shao, K.T.
 
Parapercis sexfasciata
[Grub fish]

Photo by Graham, K.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 12 cm SL
Parapercis sexlorata Johnson, 2006

Photo by Graham, K.
 
Parapercis sexlorata
[Sixstrap grubfish]

Photo by Ho, H.-C.

Northwest Pacific
Max. Length 15.3 cm SL
Parapercis shaoi Randall, 2008

Photo by Ho, H.-C.
 
Parapercis shaoi
[]

Photo by Fenner, R.

Western Indian Ocean
Max. Length 13 cm TL
Parapercis signata Randall, 1984

Photo by Fenner, R.
 
Parapercis signata
[Blackflag sandperch]
No picture found
Western Indian Ocean

 
Parapercis simulata
[]

Photo by Adams, M.J.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 11 cm TL
Parapercis snyderi Jordan & Starks, 1905

Photo by Adams, M.J.
 
Parapercis snyderi
[U-mark sandperch]

Photo by Kagoshima University Museum (KAUM)

Western Pacific
Max. Length 11.3 cm SL
Parapercis soliorta Johnson & Motomura, 2017

Photo by Kagoshima University Museum (KAUM)
 
Parapercis soliorta
[Sunrise sandperch]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Indian Ocean.
Max. Length 15 cm TL
Parapercis somaliensis Schultz, 1968

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis somaliensis
[Somali sandperch]
No picture found
Western Pacific
Max. Length 18 cm TL

 
Parapercis stricticeps
[White-streaked grubfish]

Photo by Ho, H.-C.

Western Central Pacific
Max. Length 20 cm SL
Parapercis striolata (Weber, 1913)

Photo by Ho, H.-C.
 
Parapercis striolata
[]

Photo by Patzner, R.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 26 cm TL
Parapercis tetracantha (Lacepède, 1801)

Photo by Patzner, R.
 
Parapercis tetracantha
[Reticulated sandperch]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Western Pacific
Max. Length 9 cm SL
Parapercis vittafrons Randall, 2008

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis vittafrons
[Bandhead sandperch]

Photo by Randall, J.E.

Central Pacific
Max. Length 17.4 cm SL
Parapercis xanthogramma Imamura & Yoshino, 2007

Photo by Randall, J.E.
 
Parapercis xanthogramma
[]

Photo by Adams, M.J.

Indo-West Pacific
Max. Length 23 cm TL
Parapercis xanthozona (Bleeker, 1849)

Photo by Adams, M.J.
 
Parapercis xanthozona
[Yellowbar sandperch]



82 species

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Scientific Name English Name Distribution Max. Length (cm) Year
Parapercis albipinna Western Pacific 14.2 SL 2008
Parapercis albiventer Whitebelly sandperch Western Indian Ocean 16.8 SL 2014
Parapercis alboguttata Whitespot sandsmelt Indo-West Pacific 27 TL 1872
Parapercis allporti Barred grubfish Eastern Indian Ocean 33 TL 1876
Parapercis altipinnis Karen's sandperch Western Central Pacific 5.0 SL 2017
Parapercis atlantica Eastern Atlantic 14.3 SL 1887
Parapercis aurantiaca Northwest Pacific 17 SL 1884
Parapercis australis Western Central Pacific 9.2 SL 2003
Parapercis banoni Southeastern Atlantic 19.2 SL 2006
Parapercis basimaculata Northwest Pacific 7.8 SL 2008
Parapercis bicoloripes Western Pacific 15.5 SL 2010
Parapercis bimacula Redbar sandperch Indo-West Pacific 10.0 SL 2012
Parapercis binivirgata Redbanded weever Pacific 1904
Parapercis binotata Solomons sandperch Western Pacific 5.7 SL 2017
Parapercis biordinis Indo-West Pacific 1976
Parapercis caudopellucida Andaman sandperch Eastern Indian Ocean 10.5 SL 2017
Parapercis clathrata Latticed sandperch Indo-West Pacific 24 TL 1910
Parapercis colemani Pacific 8.2 SL 1993
Parapercis colias New Zealand blue cod Southwest Pacific 45 TL 1801
Parapercis compressa Western Pacific 8.7 SL 2008
Parapercis cylindrica Cylindrical sandperch Western Pacific 23 TL 1792
Parapercis decemfasciata Northwest Pacific 15 SL 1910
Parapercis diagonalis Diagonal sandperch Western Pacific 15 TL 2008
Parapercis diplospilus Doublespot grubfish Indo-West Pacific 10 TL 1981
Parapercis dockinsi Southeastern Pacific 17.2 SL 1971
Parapercis filamentosa Threadfin sandperch Western Pacific 18 TL 1878
Parapercis flavescens Western Central Pacific 8.9 TL 1979
Parapercis flavipinna Yellowfin sandperch Western Pacific 11.6 SL 2017
Parapercis flavolabiata Yellowlip grubfish Western Pacific 9.1 SL 2006
Parapercis flavolineata Yellowline sandperch Western Pacific 14 TL 2008
Parapercis fuscolineata Western Central Pacific 1985
Parapercis gilliesii Yellow weaver Southwest Pacific 1879
Parapercis haackei Wavy grubfish Eastern Indian Ocean 10 TL 1884
Parapercis hexophtalma Speckled sandperch Indo-Pacific. 29 TL 1829
Parapercis hoi Ho's sandperch Indo-West Pacific 6.1 SL 2017
Parapercis kamoharai Northwest Pacific 20 SL 1966
Parapercis katoi Northwest Pacific 17.7 SL 2008
Parapercis kentingensis Kenting sandperch Pacific Ocean 13.1 SL 2012
Parapercis lata Y-Barred Sandperch Eastern Central Pacific 21.2 SL 2002
Parapercis lineopunctata Nosestripe sandperch Western Pacific 7.6 SL 2003
Parapercis lutevittata Yellow-striped sandperch Pacific Ocean 15.0 SL 2011
Parapercis macrophthalma Narrow barred grubfish Western Pacific 14 TL 1911
Parapercis maculata Harlequin sandperch Western Indian Ocean. 20 TL 1801
Parapercis maramara Indian Ocean 10.8 SL 2012
Parapercis maritzi Western Indian Ocean 18.5 SL 1992
Parapercis millepunctata Black dotted sand perch Indo-Pacific 18 TL 1860
Parapercis multifasciata Gold-birdled sandsmelt Northwest Pacific 18 SL 1884
Parapercis multiplicata Redbarred sandperch Western Pacific 15 TL 1984
Parapercis muronis Western Pacific 12 SL 1918
Parapercis natator Northwest Pacific 8.9 SL 2008
Parapercis nebulosa Barred sandperch Indo-West Pacific 25 TL 1825
Parapercis okamurai Northwest Pacific 13 SL 1960
Parapercis ommatura Northwest Pacific 11 SL 1902
Parapercis pacifica Western Pacific 18.6 SL 2007
Parapercis phenax Northwest Pacific 18 SL 2006
Parapercis pulchella Harlequin sandsmelt Northwest Pacific 20 TL 1843
Parapercis punctata Western Indian Ocean. 14.3 SL 1829
Parapercis punctulata Spotted sandperch Western Indian Ocean 13 TL 1829
Parapercis queenslandica Western Pacific 20.8 SL 2007
Parapercis ramsayi Spotted grubfish Eastern Indian Ocean 20 TL 1883
Parapercis randalli Northwest Pacific 10.7 SL 2010
Parapercis robinsoni Smallscale grubfish Western Indian Ocean 30 TL 1929
Parapercis roseoviridis Pacific Ocean 15.9 SL 1905
Parapercis rubricaudalis Redtail sandperch Indo-West Pacific 6.9 SL 2017
Parapercis rubromaculata Redspot sandperch Pacific 11.4 SL 2012
Parapercis rufa Western Central Pacific 2001
Parapercis sagma Saddled sandperch Western Pacific 7.2 SL 2012
Parapercis schauinslandii Redspotted sandperch Indo-Pacific 18 TL 1900
Parapercis sexfasciata Grub fish Western Pacific 12 TL 1843
Parapercis sexlorata Sixstrap grubfish Western Pacific 12 SL 2006
Parapercis shaoi Northwest Pacific 15.3 SL 2008
Parapercis signata Blackflag sandperch Western Indian Ocean 13 TL 1984
Parapercis simulata Western Indian Ocean 1968
Parapercis snyderi U-mark sandperch Western Pacific 11 TL 1905
Parapercis soliorta Sunrise sandperch Western Pacific 11.3 SL 2017
Parapercis somaliensis Somali sandperch Western Indian Ocean. 15 TL 1968
Parapercis stricticeps White-streaked grubfish Western Pacific 18 TL 1884
Parapercis striolata Western Central Pacific 20 SL 1913
Parapercis tetracantha Reticulated sandperch Indo-West Pacific 26 TL 1801
Parapercis vittafrons Bandhead sandperch Western Pacific 9 SL 2008
Parapercis xanthogramma Central Pacific 17.4 SL 2007
Parapercis xanthozona Yellowbar sandperch Indo-West Pacific 23 TL 1849



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