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Pempheris eatoni Randall & Victor, 2014

Durban sweeper
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Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pempheridae (Sweepers)
Etymology: Pempheris: Greek, pempheris = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335);  eatoni: Named for Patrick Eaton who collected the holotype and five other adult specimens for this study.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 15 m (Ref. 97766).   Tropical

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Western Indian Ocean: South Africa and Mozambique.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97766)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 38 - 44; Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VI,9-10 (usually 9); A III,38-44; pectoral rays 17-19; lateral-line scales 53-60; chest entirely with ctenoid scales; caudal fin scaled on about basal fourth; gill rakers 28-33; body depth 2.2-2.35 in SL; head length 3.3-3.4 in SL; orbit diameter 7.15-7.7 in SL; longest dorsal ray 3.7-4.05 in SL; pectoral-fin length 3.3-3.55 in SL; colour in alcohol gray-brown, scale edges narrowly gray, the dorsal fin brownish gray with an apical black spot, the color of anal fin like body basally, with a broad blackish middle zone, the margin narrowly whitish, the caudal fin is yellowish gray, paired fins are pale yellowish, the pectorals with a dark brown band across base, the iris is grayish blue (Ref. 97766).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in exposed rocky shores and often in small groups that shelter in caves or beneath ledges by day from depths as little as 1-2 m to at least 15 m. It has been observed to venture out of shelter at night to feed on planktonic invertebrates and larval fishes. It was also reported to have an extensive spawning season, judging from seeing shoals of juveniles through most of the year. The gonads of adults were noted to be nearly always mature regardless of the time of year. It was also observed to swim slowly, when not stressed, propelling itself mainly by characteristic ‘sweeps’ of the pectoral fins (hence the common name sweeper). Smallest fully mature female specimen, 11.6 cm SL (Ref. 97766).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and B.C. Victor, 2014. Four new species of the genus Pempheris (Perciformes: Pempheridae) from the western Indian Ocean. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 12:61-83. (Ref. 97766)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





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FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00666 - 0.03770), b=2.99 (2.78 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .