Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pempheridae
Etymology: Pempheris: Greek, pempheris = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335); darvelli: Named for Brian W. Darvell, for his fieldwork in Oman resulting in the specimens and photographs of this new species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 6 - 7 m (Ref. 97766). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Oman.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97766); 11.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 41 - 43;
Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VI,9; A III,41-43; pectoral rays 18-19; lateral-line scales 56-58; scales on anteroventral ctenoid and covering 90% of chest; gill rakers 30-32; body depth 2.1 in SL; head length 3.0-3.05 in SL; orbit diameter 7.45-7.7 in SL; caudal-fin length 3.45-3.55 in SL, moderately emarginate, caudal concavity 3.55-3.7 in head length; pectoral-fin length 3.15-3.2 in SL; colour in alcohol dark maroon brown, with the outer edge of scales broadly translucent gray; dorsal fin is pale yellowish, the distal half of first six soft rays and adjacent membranes black (dark pigment covering outer half of longest rays and adjacent membranes); anal fin and adjacent base of body darker brown than body, becoming progressively more translucent yellow distally, with a small brown spot on each scale; anal ray tips are translucent white; anterior five rays and membranes dark brown, the dark pigment also distally on the next five rays; caudal fin is dusky yellowish, darker brown basally and broadly darker all around margin; pectoral fins are yellowish gray with a large dark maroon brown spot covering entire base of fin; axil also dark maroon brown; pelvic fins are pale dusky yellowish (Ref. 97766).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and B.C. Victor, 2014. Four new species of the genus Pempheris (Perciformes: Pempheridae) from the western Indian Ocean. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 12:61-83. (Ref. 97766)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00666 - 0.03770), b=2.99 (2.78 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .