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Eptatretus poicilus  Zintzen, Roberts, Shepherd, Stewart, Struthers, Anderson, McVeagh, Noren & Fernholm, 2015

Mottled hagfish
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Image of Eptatretus poicilus (Mottled hagfish)
Eptatretus poicilus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Myxini (hagfishes) > Myxiniformes (Hagfishes) > Myxinidae (Hagfishes) > Eptatretinae
Etymology: Eptatretus: Greek, epta = seven + Greek, tretos, -e, -on = with holes (Ref. 45335);  poicilus: Named from the Greek poikilos (mottled, varicoloured), in reference to the distinctive mottled colour pattern of its skin (Ref. 115309).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 110 - 842 m (Ref. 115309).   Deep-water

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: endemic to the Three Kings Islands of New Zealand (Ref. 115309).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 92.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115309)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Diagnosis: 8 pairs of gill pouches and gill openings, strongly mottled with pale brown, dark brown, and white-beige body colour, 3/3 multicusps, and 77–86 total slime pores; distinguished from all other myxinids except Eptatretus gomoni, Eptatretus luzonicus, Eptatretus indrambaryai, Eptatretus okinoseanus, and Eptatretus octatrema by having 8 gill pouches associated with 8 branchial openings; differs from those 5 Indo-Pacific species by having 3-cusp multicusps on the posterior row of teeth (versus 2-cusp multicusps). (Ref. 115309).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

From observations of baited videos, this hagfish is much less active feeding on the bait, and is less inclined to produce slime; possible that the colour pattern of this species offers good camouflage in deep-sea reefs or habitats composed of sand patches over hard substrate, which was also abundant in the Three Kings area (Ref. 115309).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Zintzen, V., C.D. Roberts, L. Shepherd, A.L. Stewart, C.D. Struther, M.J. Anderson, M. McVeagh, M. Noren and B. Fernholm, 2015. Review and phylogeny of the New Zealand hagfishes (Myxiniformes: Myxinidae), with description of three new species. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 174:363-393. (Ref. 115309)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

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Ecosystems
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Ecology
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Common names
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Eggs
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Morphometrics
Morphology
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.6   ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Moderate to high vulnerability (51 of 100) .