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Pempheris sarayu Randall & Bineesh, 2014

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Pempheris sarayu
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Pempheridae (Sweepers)
Etymology: Pempheris: Greek, pempheris = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335);  sarayu: Named for the wife of K.K. Bineesh; noun in apposition.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 7 m (Ref. 95583).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: India.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95583)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 39; Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VI,9; A III,39; pectoral-fin rays 18-19; lateral-line scales 55; gill rakers 9 + 22; body depth 2.05 in SL; head length (HL) 3.3 in SL; dorsal profile of head is straight above eye, convex on nape; large eye with orbit diameter 7.6 in SL; caudal fin is slightly forked, fin length 4.15 in SL; pectoral fins 3.65 in SL; origin of pelvic fins is below the middle of pectoral-fin base, with prepelvic length 2.55 in HL; short pelvic fins, 1.9 in HL; preserved color (alcohol) dull orange dorsally, brassy yellow on side and ventrally; fins orangish yellow, with distal third of dorsal fin having an oval black spot; absence of the dark pigment at base or axil of pectoral fins; iris mainly yellowish; when fresh it is silvery white, each scale with a vertically elongate copper-brown spot; dorsal fin with pale orangish gray membranes and orangish rays, and a little darker at margin of fins; anal fin orangish, grading to whitish distally; caudal fin pinkish orange with a faint dusky posterior margin; pectoral fins are light pinkish brown with a curving brown band at base; pelvic fins are whitish; iris a mixture of dark yellowish brown and red (Ref. 95583).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and K.K. Bineesh, 2014. Review of the fishes of the genus, Pempheris (Perciformes: Pempheridae) of India, with description of a new species and a neotype for P. mangula Cuvier. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 10:20-40. (Ref. 95583)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00666 - 0.03770), b=2.99 (2.78 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .