Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pempheridae
Etymology: Pempheris: Greek, pempheris = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335); sarayu: Named for the wife of K.K. Bineesh; noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 7 m (Ref. 95583). Tropical
Indian Ocean: India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95583)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 39;
Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VI,9; A III,39; pectoral-fin rays 18-19; lateral-line scales 55; gill rakers 9 + 22; body depth 2.05 in SL; head length (HL) 3.3 in SL; dorsal profile of head is straight above eye, convex on nape; large eye with orbit diameter 7.6 in SL; caudal fin is slightly forked, fin length 4.15 in SL; pectoral fins 3.65 in SL; origin of pelvic fins is below the middle of pectoral-fin base, with prepelvic length 2.55 in HL; short pelvic fins, 1.9 in HL; preserved color (alcohol) dull orange dorsally, brassy yellow on side and ventrally; fins orangish yellow, with distal third of dorsal fin having an oval black spot; absence of the dark pigment at base or axil of pectoral fins; iris mainly yellowish; when fresh it is silvery white, each scale with a vertically elongate copper-brown spot; dorsal fin with pale orangish gray membranes and orangish rays, and a little darker at margin of fins; anal fin orangish, grading to whitish distally; caudal fin pinkish orange with a faint dusky posterior margin; pectoral fins are light pinkish brown with a curving brown band at base; pelvic fins are whitish; iris a mixture of dark yellowish brown and red (Ref. 95583).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and K.K. Bineesh, 2014. Review of the fishes of the genus, Pempheris (Perciformes: Pempheridae) of India, with description of a new species and a neotype for P. mangula Cuvier. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 10:20-40. (Ref. 95583)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00666 - 0.03770), b=2.99 (2.78 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .