Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pinguipedidae
Etymology: Parapercis: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, perke = perch (Ref. 45335); kentingensis: Named after the Kenting National Park in southern Taiwan, the type locality for the species (Ref. 89549).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 50 - 150 m (Ref. 89549). Tropical
Pacific Ocean: China, Taiwan, Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89549)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 17;
Vertebrae: 30. This species is distinguished by the following characters: dorsal surface with 8 brown blotches; a large brownish patch above the opercle; cheek with an oblique reddish-yellow bar; below midline of lateral body, a series of 8 reddish bars; posterior portion of cheek with 1-3 small spots; dorsal fin with 3 rows of small brownish spots; pectoral fin base whitish with few small spots; above midline of lateral body is a series of small spots, each restricted to the size of one scale; caudal fin with 4-5 vertical rows of small spots; D V,21; A I,17; pectoral-fin rays 16-18 (mainly 17); pored lateral-line scales 52-54 (53-54); gill rakers on 1st gill arch 14-19 (16-18); pseudobranches 17-24; lower jaw with 3 pairs of canine teeth anteriorly; palatine teeth absent; vomerine teeth stout, in a single curved row; scales on body ctenoid, becoming cycloid on nuchal, prepectoral and prepelvic areas; margin of preopercle smoothly indented; fourth dorsal-fin spine longest; caudal fin rounded, with a slight prolongation on upper lobe; appressed pelvic fin not reaching origin of anal fin (Ref. 89549).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ho, H.-C., C.-H. Chang and K.-T. Shao, 2012. Two new sandperches (Perciformes: Pinguipedidae: Parapercis) from South China Sea, based on morphology and DNA barcoding. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 60(1):163-172. (Ref. 89549)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.7 - 23.4, mean 19.5 (based on 81 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00646 (0.00294 - 0.01416), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100) .