Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gonorynchiformes
(Milkfish) > Kneriidae
Etymology: thysi: Dedicated to Dirk Thys van den Audenaerde from the Royal Museum for Central Africa (Belgium), who collected the type specimens of Parakneria thysi in difficult and even dangerous circumstances (Ref. 89136). More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 18°C - 22°C (Ref. 13614)
Africa: endemic to the Lufira (upper Lualaba basin) in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 2970, 89136).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3565)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 9;
Vertebrae: 39. Diagnosis: body depth 6.4-7.1 times in SL; head length 3.8-4.3 times in SL; snout rounded, its length 2.5-2.9 times in HL; eye superolateral, its diameter 5.1-5.5 times in HL, 1.4-1.7 times in interorbital distance, 1.8-2.1 times in snout length; dorsal fin origin about 1.1 times further from snout tip than from caudal fin origin; anal fin origin 1.4-1.6 times further from pelvic fin origin than from caudal fin origin; pectoral fin large, its length 4.9-5.4 times in SL, 0.7-0.9 times length of head; pelvic fin 6.4-7.1 times in SL, 1.5-1.7 times in HL; caudal peduncle 1.7-1.9 times as long as deep (Ref. 89136).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Poll, M., 1984. Kneriidae. p. 129-133. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ORSTOM, Paris and MRAC, Tervuren. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3565)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .