Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Monopenchelys: Greek, monopoios = of one quality + Greek, enchelys, -yos = eel (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 13 - 54 m (Ref. 4450). Tropical
Eastern Atlantic: Ascension Island. Western Atlantic: Bahamas to the Caribbean. Eastern Pacific: Hawaii. Also known from the western Indian Ocean:
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4450)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Small, slender somewhat compressed, snout long and broad. Uniformly brown with red head and tail tip (Ref. 26938).
Benthic in crevices of reef and rock (Ref. 58302).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith, D.G. and E.B. Böhlke, 1990. Muraenidae. p. 136-148. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4450)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.7 - 28, mean 26.7 (based on 182 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00107 (0.00051 - 0.00226), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.6 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .