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Garra mondica Sayyadzadeh, Esmaeili & Freyhof, 2015

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Garra mondica
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813)..

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Mond River drainage in Iran.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Garra mondica can be diagnosed from all other congeners in the rivers flowing to the Persian Gulf south of the Tigris by the absence of scales along breast and anterior belly (vs. fully covered by scales) and along mid-dorsal area in front of the dorsal-fin origin or dorsal midline with only few, usually embedded scales. The naked mid-dorsal area seems to be a unique diagnostic trait of this species within its comparison group including the species of the Euphrates and Tigris drainages. A naked breast and anterior belly is also present in some populations of G. rufa. Garra mondica can be further differentiated from G. rufa by having usually 7½ branched rays in dorsal fin (vs. usually 8½). In addition to the naked breast, anterior belly and predorsal back, G. mondica can be separated from G. persica by having usually 9+8 rays in caudal fin (vs. usually 8+8). It differs from G. rossica by having a fully-developed mental disc (vs. reduced) and 18-23 total gill rakers on the first branchial arch (vs. 11-15); from G. variabilis by having a fully developed mental disc (vs. reduced) and two pairs of barbels (vs. one); and from G. lorestanensis, G. typhlops and G. widdowsoni by having well-developed eyes and a brown or grey, usually mottled color pattern (vs. absence of color pattern) (Ref. 109570).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Esmaeili, H.R., G. Sayyadzadeh, B.W. Coad and S. Eagderi, 2016. Review of the genus Garra Hamilton, 1822 in Iran with description of a new species: a morpho-molecular approach (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 3(2):82-121. (Ref. 109570)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
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Ecology
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Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
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Spawning
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Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
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Otoliths
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00692 (0.00299 - 0.01602), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .