Family Polynemidae - Threadfins
  Order
:
Polynemidae Polynemidae
  Class
:
Actinopterygii
No. in FishBase
:
Genera : 8 | Species : 42 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
  Environment
:
Fresh : Yes | Brackish : Yes | Marine : Yes
  Division
:
Marine
  Aquarium
:
none
  First Fossil Record
:
     
  Remark
:
Chiefly marine and brackish. Some riverine. Distribution: all tropical and subtropical seas. Mouth inferior. Pectoral fin with 2 sections. Upper section of pectoral fin with the rays attached; the lower section having 3-7 (except in Polistonemus with 14 or 15) long free rays. Spinous and soft dorsal fins far apart. Pelvics subabdominal. One spine in pelvic fin; soft rays 5. Deeply forked caudal fin. Vertebrae 24 or 25. Reaches 1.8 m maximum length, reported for Eleutheronema tetradactylum. Feed on benthic invertebrates of sandy to muddy bottoms. Few species near reefs. Foodfishes. Assumed to be pelagic spawners (RF).
  Etymology
:
Greek, polys = a lot of + Greek, nema, -atos = filament ( Ref. 45335).
  Reproductive guild
:
nonguarders
  Typical activity level
:
active
  Main Ref
:
  Coordinator
:
  Deep Fin Classification
:
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Carangaria | | | incertae | | | Polynemidae

Show species images | Show valid names | Nominal species list | Identification keys | CAS specimen photos | References

 
Ref.
[ e.g. 9948]
Glossary
[ e.g. cephalopods]


Species/Synonymy list for the family Polynemidae as currently in FishBase

Important recommendation:

The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

Please send comments and corrections if you detect errors or missing names.

Show all | Show only accepted name | Show only accepted and original names
Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Polynemus paradiseus Linnaeus, 1758
acceptedseniororiginal
Polynemus risua Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus aureus Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus toposui Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus hilleri (non Fowler, 1905)
misappliedmisappliednew
Polynemus melanochir Valenciennes, 1831
acceptedseniororiginal
Filimanus melanochir (Valenciennes, 1831)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniorchange in rank
Polynemus macronema Bleeker, 1852
synonymotheroriginal
Polynemus borneensis Bleeker, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal
! Polynemus borneënsis Bleeker, 1856
synonymjuniororiginal
Galeoides microps Steindachner, 1869
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus melanopus Sauvage, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal
Trichidion hilleri Fowler, 1905
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus hilleri (Fowler, 1905)
synonymjuniornew
Polynemus melanochir dulcis Motomura & Sabaj Pérez, 2002
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus paradiseus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Polynemus multifilis Temminck & Schlegel, 1843
acceptedseniororiginal
Polistonemus multifilis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
! Polystonemus multifilis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
synonymseniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
ambiguoushomonymoriginal
Polynemus dubius Bleeker, 1853
acceptedseniororiginal
Polynemus longipectoralis Weber & de Beaufort, 1922
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus paradiseus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Polynemus longifilis (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Polynemus paradiseus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Polynemus aquilonaris Motomura, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal
Polynemus kapuasensis Motomura & van Oijen, 2003
acceptedseniororiginal
Polynemus bidentatus Motomura & Tsukawaki, 2006
acceptedseniororiginal
Polydactylus virginicus (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus virginicus Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
! Polydactilus virginicus (Linnaeus, 1758)
synonymseniornew
Polynemus naso Walbaum, 1793
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus plumierii Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus mango Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus antillarum Perugia, 1896
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus plebeius (Broussonet, 1782)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus plebeius Broussonet, 1782
synonymseniororiginal
Trichidion plebejum (Broussonet, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Polyactylus plebeius (Broussonet, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Polydactylus plebejus (Broussonet, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Polydactylus plebius (Broussonet, 1782)
synonymseniornew
! Polynemus plebejus Broussonet, 1782
synonymseniororiginal
! Polynemus plebius Broussonet, 1782
synonymseniororiginal
! Trichidion plebejus (Broussonet, 1782)
synonymseniornew
Polynemus lineatus Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus emoi Lacepède, 1803
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus taeniatus Günther, 1860
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus lineatus Günther, 1860
ambiguousotheroriginal
Polydactylus agonasi Jordan & McGregor, 1906
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus agonasi (Jordan & McGregor, 1906)
synonymjuniornew
Polynemus lydiae Curtiss, 1938
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus microstoma (non Bleeker, 1851)
misappliedmisappliednew
Polydactylus sextarius (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus sextarius Bloch & Schneider, 1801
synonymseniororiginal
Trichidion sextarius (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
synonymseniornew
Filimanus heptadactyla (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliednew
Polydactylus sexfilis (non Valenciennes, 1831)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
Trichidion quadrifilis (Cuiver, 1829)
synonymseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Polydactylus sexfilis (Valenciennes, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus sexfilis Valenciennes, 1831
synonymseniororiginal
! Polyactylus sexfilis (Valenciennes, 1831)
synonymseniornew
! Polynemus sexfills Valenciennes, 1831
synonymseniororiginal
! Polynemus sexifilis Valenciennes, 1831
synonymseniororiginal
Polynemus kuru Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus kuru (Bleeker, 1853)
synonymjuniornew
! Polynemus kurru Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal
Filimanus xanthonema (non Valenciennes, 1831)
misappliedmisappliednew
Polydactylus approximans (Lay & Bennett, 1839)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus approximans Lay & Bennett, 1839
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus microstomus (Bleeker, 1851)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus microstoma Bleeker, 1851
synonymseniororiginal
Polydactylus microstoma (Bleeker, 1851)
synonymseniornew
! Polyactylus microstomus (Bleeker, 1851)
synonymseniornew
! Polynemus microstomus (Bleeker, 1851)
synonymseniornew
Polydactylus zophomus Jordan & McGregor, 1907
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus plebeius (non Broussonet, 1782)
misappliedmisappliednew
Polydactylus sextarius (non Bloch, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
Polynemus borneensis (non Bleeker, 1856)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Polydactylus octonemus (Girard, 1858)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus octonemus Girard, 1858
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus heptadactylus (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Polydactylus oligodon (Günther, 1860)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus oligodon Günther, 1860
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Polynemus melanopoma Günther, 1864
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus macrochir (Günther, 1867)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus macrochir Günther, 1867
synonymseniororiginal
Polynemus sheridani Macleay, 1884
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus sheridani (Macleay, 1884)
synonymjuniornew
Polydactylus indicus (non Shaw, 1804)
misappliedmisappliednew
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
acceptedseniororiginal
Polydactylus bifurcus Motomura, Kimura & Iwatsuki, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal
Polydactylus longipes Motomura, Okamoto & Iwatsuki, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal
Polydactylus malagasyensis Motomura & Iwatsuki, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal
Polydactylus persicus Motomura & Iwatsuki, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal
Polydactylus siamensis Motomura, Iwatsuki & Yoshino, 2001
acceptedseniororiginal
Polydactylus luparensis Lim, Motomura & Gambang, 2010
acceptedseniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniornew
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus astrolabi Sauvage, 1881
synonymjuniororiginal
Pentanemus quinquarius (Linnaeus, 1758)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus quinquarius Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
! Polynemus quinquarios Linnaeus, 1758
synonymseniororiginal
Polynemus artedii Bennett, 1831
synonymjuniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus peli Njock, 1990
ambiguousquestionableoriginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Polynemus teria Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus coecus Macleay, 1878
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus tridactylus Bleeker, 1849
synonymseniororiginal
misappliedmisappliednew
Eleutheronema rhadinum (Jordan & Evermann, 1902)
acceptedseniornew
Polydactylus rhadinus Jordan & Evermann, 1902
synonymseniororiginal
misappliedmisappliednew
Filimanus perplexa Feltes, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal
Polynemus melanochir (non Valenciennes, 1831)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Filimanus heptadactyla (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
synonymseniornew
Polydactylus sextriatus (non Bloch, 1801)
misappliedmisappliedmisapplied
Polydactylus multiradiatus (non Günther, 1860)
misappliedmisappliednew
Filimanus similis (non Feltes, 1991)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Filimanus hexanema (Cuvier, 1829)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus hexanemus Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal
! Polynemus hexanema Cuvier, 1829
synonymseniororiginal
Polynemus senarius Gronow, 1854
synonymjuniororiginal
Filimanus xanthonema (Valenciennes, 1831)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus xanthonemus Valenciennes, 1831
synonymseniororiginal
Polydactylus xanthonemus (Valenciennes, 1831)
synonymseniornew
! Polynemus xanthonema Valenciennes, 1831
synonymseniororiginal
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus pfeifferi Bleeker, 1853
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus konadaensis Mishra & Krishnan, 1993
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus sextarius (non Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
misappliedmisappliednew
Polydactylus sexfilis (non Valenciennes, 1831)
misappliedmisappliednew
Polydactylus multiradiatus (non Günther, 1860)
misappliedmisappliednew
Filimanus similis (non Feltes, 1991)
misappliedmisappliedoriginal
Filimanus sealei (Jordan & Richardson, 1910)
acceptedseniornew
Polydactylus sealei Jordan & Richardson, 1910
synonymseniororiginal
Polydactylus opercularis Seale & Bean, 1907
ambiguousotheroriginal
Filimanus heptadactyla (non Cuvier, 1829)
misappliedmisappliednew
Polydactylus multiradiatus (non Günther, 1860)
misappliedmisappliednew
Filimanus similis Feltes, 1991
acceptedseniororiginal
Parapolynemus verekeri (Saville-Kent, 1889)
acceptedseniornew
Polynemus verekeri Saville-Kent, 1889
synonymseniororiginal
Polynemus intermedius Nichols, 1954
synonymjuniororiginal
acceptedseniornew
synonymseniororiginal
synonymseniornew
Trichidion indicum (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
Trichidion indicus (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
! Leptomelanosoma indica (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
! Polyactylus indicus (Shaw, 1804)
synonymseniornew
Polynemus sele Hamilton, 1822
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus uronemus Cuvier, 1829
synonymjuniororiginal
Polynemus gelatinosus McClelland, 1843
synonymjuniororiginal
Polydactylus microstoma (non Bleeker, 1851)
misappliedmisappliednew
Polydactylus macrochir (non Günther, 1867)
misappliedmisappliednew
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