Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Danioninae
Etymology: Engraulicypris: Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy + Greek, kypris = the name of Aphrodite, proceeding from Kypris, (Cyprus), Greek, kyprinos = carp (Ref. 45335); ngalala: In the Cyao language spoken in the Niassa region of northern Mozambique, the name 'ngalala' denotes any, small, compressed, silvery fish, including Mesobola and species of Brycinus and Hemigrammopetersius; the epithet is treated as a nominative singular noun in apposition (Ref. 116496).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Africa: Rovuma River system in Mozambique (Ref. 116496) and Lake Chiuta in Malawi (Ref. 116496).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116496)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 16 - 19;
Vertebrae: 38 - 39. Diagnosis: Operculum shiny only on ventral posterior edge and small area at posterior edge of orbit, not entire area; body midline black, not silver; head with tubercles along lower jaw and lower head in breeding males; snout rounded, not pointed; iris white to light grey, not dark grey, with a few melanophores; pelvic fin melanophores present, dark and widely dispersed (Ref. 116496).
This species is found in ecological conditions very similar to those characteristic of Engraulicypris gariepinus; it favours big rivers, gathering in slack, turbid and shallow regions with sandy, rocky or muddy substrates; in Lake Chiuta specimens were caught in reed beds along the margins (Ref. 116496).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Riddin, M.A., I.R. Bills and M.H. Villet, 2016. Phylogeographic, morphometric and taxonomic re-evaluation of the river sardine, Mesobola brevianalis (Boulenger, 1908) (Teleostei, Cyprinidae, Chedrini). ZooKeys 641:121-150. (Ref. 116496)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00289 - 0.01993), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .