Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Anchoviella: Italian ancioa = anchovy (Ref. 45335); juruasanga: In the Tupi language 'juru'means mouth and 'asanga' means short, in reference to the short maxilla, a diagnostic character of the species among congeners.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic. Tropical
South America: tributaries of the middle and lower Amazon basin in Brazil, including rio Tapajós, rio Negro, rio Branco, rio Madeira, rio Trombetas, rio Tocantins, rio Maicá, and rio Jari.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89861)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 39 - 40. Distinguished from other species of the genus Anchoviella by having a short upper jaw, with its posterior tip extending between the verticals through anterior and posterior margins of the pupil (vs. posterior tip of upper jaw extending beyond the vertical through posterior margin of the pupil). This species differs also from other strictly freshwater Amazonian species of the genus by the distance from tip of snout to posterior end of upper jaw between 8 and 11% in SL (vs. 14% or more in A. alleni, A. carrikeri, A. guianensis, and A. jamesi). Can be further diagnosed from A. alleni by its anal-fin origin slightly posterior to or at the vertical through the base of the last dorsal-fin ray (anal-fin origin posterior to the vertical through the last anal-fin ray by at least 14% of HL) and A. jamesi (anal-fin origin anterior to the vertical through the last anal-fin ray) (Ref. 89861).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Loeb, M.V., 2012. A new species of Anchoviella Fowler, 1911 (Clupeiformes: Engraulidae) from the Amazon basin, Brazil. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 10(1):13-18. (Ref. 89861)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00244 - 0.01130), b=3.13 (2.95 - 3.31), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .