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Parailia pellucida (Boulenger, 1901)

Glass schilbid
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Schilbeidae (Schilbid catfishes)
Etymology: pellucida: From the Latin "pellucidus" (translucent, transparent), referring to the translucent body in live individuals of this "glass catfish" (Ref. 43912).  More on author: Boulenger.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.5 - 7.2; dH range: 5 - 15; potamodromous (Ref. 51243).   Tropical; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Upper Nile to West Africa (Ref. 33556). In west Africa in the Chad basin, Niger, Senegal, Boubo, Bandama, Agnébi, Volta, Mono, Ouémé, Ogun, coastal lagoons of Nigeria and Cross (Ref. 57127). In lower Guinea limited to the Cross and Wouri Rivers (Ref. 81643).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57127)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 0; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 60 - 78; Vertebrae: 44 - 50. Diagnosis: dorsal fin absent; adipose fin always present; inner side of pectoral-fin spine variably denticulate, with small to rather well developed serrations; 60-78 soft rays in anal fin (Ref. 43912, 57127, 81643). Vomerine teeth present (Ref. 43912, 81643). In general no small dark blotch at the base of the caudal fin (Ref. 81643).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Gregarious schooling species confined to larger lakes and rivers (Ref. 43912). Benthic species, occurs in deep water (Ref. 13851). Feeds mainly on small planktonic and benthic insects and crustaceans (Ref. 13851, 43912). Oviparous, eggs are unguarded (Ref. 205). Rarely exceeds 15 cm TL (Ref. 43912). Usually smoked or sun-dried, after which they are very tasty and may fetch high prices; sometimes ground into fish flour or fish meal and stored for long periods in sealed containers as an insurance against famine (Ref. 43912).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Distinct pairing (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

De Vos, L., 1995. Results of a systematic revision of African schilbeids at the species level. p.113-364. In L. De Vos. A systematic revision of the African Schilbeidae (Teleostei, Siluriformes) with an annotated bibliography, Chapter 3. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr. Zool. vol. 271. (Ref. 33556)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 01 May 2009

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
FAO(fisheries: production; publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00347 - 0.00954), b=3.11 (2.96 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.47 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .
Price category (Ref. 80766):   Unknown.