Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tylochromis: Greek, tylos = callus + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); leonensis: Named in reference to the country in which specimens of the species were first identified (Ref. 52346).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 12468); 10°N - 4°N
Africa: coastal rivers from the Kogon (Guinea) to the Bia (Sierra Leone) (Ref. 53405).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 53405)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 13 - 15;
soft rays: 7;
Vertebrae: 28. Diagnosis: 2 scale rows between upper lateral line and anterior part of lower lateral line (Ref. 52346, 53405). High lateral line count (38-42); low gill raker count (13-15 along lower limb of first arch); lower pharyngeal jaw with a short, deep keel that is deeply indented along the ventral margin (Ref. 52346).
Appears to be an exclusively Upper Guinean Province species (Ref. 52346). Inhabits large sandbanks and hardly ever penetrates into small streams (Ref. 53407). Benthic macrophage (Ref. 52346). Feeds primarily upon insects and their larvae, but also accepts plants (Ref. 52307). Oviphilous (Ref. 53407), maternal mouthbrooder that does not pair bond (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G. and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde, 2003. Cichlidae. p. 521-600. In D. Paugy, C. Lévêque and G.G Teugels (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of West Africa Volume 2. Coll. faune et flore tropicales 40. Institut de recherche de développement, Paris, France, Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France and Musée royal de l'Afrique Central, Tervuren, Belgium, 815p. (Ref. 53405)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00742 - 0.03088), b=2.97 (2.79 - 3.15), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.26 se; Based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .