Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Africa: coastal zone around the Ogooué, Kouilou-Niari and Chiloango (Ref. 81651) up to the mouth of the Congo River (Ref. 55074, 74387), and around the Cuanza delta in Angola (Ref. 5163). Also reported from southern Equatorial Guinea (Ref. 5163, 52307).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 37.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5163)
(total): 16 - 17;
soft rays: 9 - 11. Diagnosis: 12 or more rakers on lower limb of first gill arch; outer row jaw teeth gracile and somewhat spatulate; adults with dark, broad vertical stripes on flanks; ventral scales with small irregular red-brown spots; head profile straight; lower pharyngeal jaw with relatively strong teeth not forming a felt-like covering (Ref. 81260).
Maximum standard length reported is 37.0 cm (Ref. 81260). Probably pair bonding (Ref. 52307). Open (Ref. 52307) substrate brooder/spawner (Ref. 52307, 81260) with both parents guarding the brood (Ref. 52307).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Dunz, A.R. and U.K. Schliewen, 2013. Molecular phylogeny and revised classification of the haplotilapiine cichlid fishes formerly referred to as "Tilapia". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 68(1):64-80. (Ref. 93285)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01622 (0.00704 - 0.03738), b=3.02 (2.82 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .