Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails) > Macrourinae
Etymology: Trachonurus: Greek, trachon, -onos = roughness + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 514 - 1590 m (Ref. 3587). Deep-water
Worldwide: Eastern Atlantic: Azores and Madeira Islands and off Morocco. Western Atlantic: Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea. Western Pacific: southern Japan to the Philippine and Indonesian seas. Eastern Pacific: Hawaii. Reported from off South Australia (Ref. 2800) and New Zealand (Ref. 87166).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2800)
spines: 0. Body dark brown to black. Narrow band of small, pointed teeth in both jaws. Armed with upright spinules. Head fully scaled, except branchiostegal membranes and gular membrane (Ref. 37108).
A benthic species found on the continental slope (Ref. 75154). Feeds on crustaceans and molluscs (Ref. 44075).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Geistdoerfer, P., 1990. Macrouridae. p. 541-563. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 3587)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.3 - 9.6, mean 5.8 (based on 761 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00219 (0.00096 - 0.00497), b=3.17 (2.98 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100) .