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Xenotoca lyonsi  Domínguez-Domínguez, Bernal-Zuñiga & Piller, 2016

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Xenotoca lyonsi
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Goodeidae (Splitfins) > Goodeinae
Etymology: Xenotoca: Greek, xenos = strange + Greek, tokos, oy = birth (Ref. 45335);  lyonsi: Named for Dr. John Lyons, who has made substantial contributions to the understanding of the distribution, ecology, diversity, and conservation status of fishes in Mexico, and to goodeids in particular. An adjective.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Central America: endemic tothe Coahuayana River drainage in Jalisco, Mexico.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117630); 5.0 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-14; Anal soft rays: 13 - 14. Xenotoca lyonsi differs from the congeners occurring in the Pacific Coast drainages by the combination of the following characters (none unique to the species): females posses 13 dorsal rays (vs. 15 or 16 in X. melanosoma and 14 in X. doadrioi); for males and females the differences are as follows: 14 anal fin rays (vs. 15 or 16 in X. melanosoma), 12 pectoral fin rays (vs. 13 in Xenotoca eiseni), 8 caudal peduncle scales (vs. 9 in Xenotoca eiseni and X. melanosoma), 30-31 scales in a lateral series (vs. 32 in X. doadrioi), 9 transversal scales (vs. 11 or 12 in X. eiseni and X. doadrioi) and 11 suparorbital pores (vs. 10 in X. doadrioi). Both male and female have a smaller eye diameter (head lengthL/ eye diameter = 3.7 vs. 3.0 in X. doadrioi and 3.5 in X. eiseni for females, and head length/ eye diameter= 3.6 vs. 3.3 in X. eiseni in males), high dorsal fin base (standard length /dorsal fin base length = 6.5 vs. 6.9 in X. eiseni for females and and 5.5 vs. 5.9 in X. eiseni in males) (Ref. 117630).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

The type locality where the this species occurs is characterized by high seasonal changes in water clarity and volume, from a turbid and deep high flow running water in the rainy season to clear and low flow water other times of the year, sometimes reduced to a few shallow pools in the dry season. Its bottom is composed mainly of mud and gravel, and water plants are only evident in the stream bed. Other fishes present in the area include Xenotoca melanosoma (now extirpated), Ilyodon whitei, Poecilia butleri, Allodontichthys tamazulae, Astyanax anaeus, Cyprinus carpio and Oreochromis sp. (Ref. 107630).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Domínguez-Domínguez, O., D.M. Bernal-Zuñiga and K.R. Piller, 2016. Two new species of the genus Xenotoca Hubbs and Turner, 1939 (Teleostei; Goodeidae) from the central-western Mexico. Zootaxa 4189(1):81-98. (Ref. 117630)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5312   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.0   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .