Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Pempheridae
Etymology: Pempheris: Greek, pempheris = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335); cuprea: Named for its coloration, Latin 'cuprea' for copper.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 10 m. Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Western Indian Ocean: northern Mozambique.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.6 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 39 - 41;
Vertebrae: 25. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D VI,9; A III,39-41; pectoral rays 17; lateral-line scales 54-57 (with pored scales of both sides counted); ctenoid scales on side of chest; gill rakers 26-28 (on both sides counted); deep body, depth 2.1-2.15 in SL; head length 3.4-3.5 in SL; orbit diameter 7.4-7.55 in SL; jaws are moderately oblique, forming an angle of about 65° to horizontal axis of body; pectoral-fin length 3.15 in SL; colour in alcohol is bronze brown, many scales over pectoral region, abdomen, and above anterior part of anal fin with vertically elongate shiny copper-colored spot (Ref. 97766).
Depth range (1-10 m) given by B. Victor (pers. comm. 10/18).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E. and B.C. Victor, 2014. Four new species of the genus Pempheris (Perciformes: Pempheridae) from the western Indian Ocean. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 12:61-83. (Ref. 97766)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01585 (0.00666 - 0.03770), b=2.99 (2.78 - 3.20), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .