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Percina apina Near & Simmons, 2017

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Percina apina
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Etheostomatinae
Etymology: Percina: Latin, diminutive of perch = perch (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

North America: Duck River system and Whiteoak Creek, Western Highland Rim in Tennessee, USA.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116752); 13.4 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 14 - 18; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-17; Anal soft rays: 11 - 13. Percina apina can be distinguished by having the following characters: dorsum with about 11 dark saddles that are interspersed with vermiculated patches of pigment that extend to the side of the body; 7 to 9 dark, large round or oval shaped lateral blotches along the side of the body that are typically wider than high; anterior-most blotches are just posterior of the operculum and are smaller in size, as is the most posterior blotch, which is often confluent with a distinct caudal spot; a moderate to diffuse suborbital bar of pigment; males in nuptial condition with a gold-green background color with an overall duskiness and a blue-green iridescence on the cheeks and side of the body; first dorsal fin with an intense orange submarginal band distal to a narrow yellow band of coloration with a wide and basal band comprising uniform streaks of brown-orange pigment; distal margin of the second dorsal fin lightly pigmented with a proximate band of dusky orange coloration and a tessellated basal margin; caudal fin with light bands of pigment and the distal margin slightly pigmented in nuptial males; nuptial males with anal fin yellowgold distally with a basal peppering of dark pigment; males in nuptial condition with membranes of the pelvic fin filled with jet-black pigment, and the pectoral fin membranes slightly peppered with dark pigment (Ref. 116752).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Habitats of this species differ between reproductive and non-reproductive periods. Both sexes in in reproductive condition were most often found in swift runs of depths about one meter or less with predominant gravel and cobble substrates. On many occasions, adult males were collected in shallow, swift riffles with gravel bottoms during late April to early June. In summer months, adult males and females occurred in swift runs and in pool areas with substrates free of silt. Subadults were only encountered in pool habitats and were usually accompanied by adult females (Ref. 116752).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Near, T.J., J.W. Simmons, J.M. Mollish, M.A. Correa, E. Benavides, R.C. Harrington and B.P. Keck, 2017. A new species of longperch endemic to Tennessee (Percidae: Etheostomatinae: Percina). Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural History 58(2):287-309. (Ref. 116752)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00513 (0.00204 - 0.01288), b=3.14 (2.92 - 3.36), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (31 of 100) .