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Peprilus crenulatus Cuvier, 1829

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Peprilus crenulatus
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Stromateidae (Butterfishes)
Etymology: Peprilus: Greek, peprilos, paprax, certain fish from Tracia.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range 13 - 136 m (Ref. 116249).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: French Guiana and Argentina

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116249); max. published weight: 66.80 g (Ref. 118626)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 3 - 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 39-45; Anal spines: 3-4; Anal soft rays: 36 - 41; Vertebrae: 28 - 29. This species is distinguished from its congeners (except P. xanthurus) by having the following characters: precaudal vertebrae 11?12 (vs. 13 or more, rarely 12); total vertebrae 28?29 (vs. 30 or more in P. medius, P. ovatus, P. simillimus and P. snyderi); body height 58.5?79.0% SL (vs. 33.0?52.% SL in P. burti, P. simillimus, P. snyderi, P. ovatus and P. triacanthus); without series of pores along the front half of body under the dorsal fin (vs. 17?25 in P. triacanthus); a moderately falcate dorsal fin (vs. not falcate in P. triacanthus, or conspicuously falcate in P. paru); specimens larger than 9.0 cm SL, has an extremely falcate anal fin (vs. not falcate or moderately falcate in P. burti, P. simillimus, P. snyderi, P. ovatus and P. triacanthus); further distinguished from sympatric P. xanthurus by the lack of a conspicuous dark spot over the eyes, from snout to nape (vs. a conspicuous dark spot over the eyes, especially distinct in fresh specimens); in specimens smaller than 11.0 cm SL, orbital diameter is 1.6?5.0 in anal-fin height (vs. 5.1?8.0); in specimens larger than 10.9 cm SL, orbital diameter is 3.2?5.2 in anal-fin height (vs. 5.5?9.2), 2.9?3.8 in pectoral-fin height (vs. 3.9?5.9), and 0.8?1.4 in post-orbital length (vs. 1.5?2.3); further distinguished from P. paru by having a moderately long to short dorsal fin and relatively long caudal fin lobe, with length of lower lobe more than 1.2 times the length of the dorsal fin (vs. 1.2 times the length or less) (Ref. 116249).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Occurs in estuarine and coastal marine waters at depths of up to 136 meters. Probably does not form large schools for though it is common in the catches of artisanal fisheries (notably in Brazil), it is always in small numbers (Ref. 116249).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Marceniuk, A.P., R. Caires and R. Siccha-Ramirez, 2016. Review of the harvestfishes, genus Peprilus (Perciformes: Stromateidae), of the Atlantic coast of South America. Zootaxa 4098 (2):311-332. (Ref. 116249)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | National databases | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5020   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01349 (0.00572 - 0.03180), b=3.04 (2.85 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.7   ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .