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Garra tashanensis  Mousavi-Sabet, Vatandoust, Fatemi & Eagderi, 2016

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Garra tashanensis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).;  tashanensis: An adjective derived from Tashan region. The Tashan Cave, the type locality of the new species, is found in this region.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical; 17°C - ? (Ref. 115529)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: Tashan Cave, Tigris River drainage in Iran.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115529)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 10. Garra tashanensis is distinguished from all other congeners by the absence of pigment and eyes (vs. presence of eyes and pigments in all epigean species), by having a round mental disc (vs. absence of mental disc in G. typhlops; elliptical mental disc in G. lorestanensis), two pairs of barbels (vs. three pairs of barbels in the subterranean loaches, E. smithi and E. proudlovei; and one pair of barbels in G. variabilis), rostral cap well-developed (rostral cap poorly developed in G. lorestanensis), and rare scales on anterior body (vs. body fully covered by scales or scales restricted to lateral midline in G. widdowsoni; naked body in G. lorestanensis) (Ref. 115529).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits subterranean limestone cave (Ref. 115529).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Mousavi-Sabet, H., S. Vatandoust, Y. Fatemi and S. Eagderi, 2016. Tashan Cave a new cave fish locality for Iran; and Garra tashanensis, a new blind species from the Tigris River drainage (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). FishTaxa, 1(3):133-148. (Ref. 115529)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00832 (0.00356 - 0.01943), b=3.09 (2.88 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .