Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Ancistrinae
Etymology: Pseudancistrus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, agkistron = hook (Ref. 45335); kayabi: The specific name is in reference to the Kayabi indigenous people that inhabited the region of the rivers Arinos, dos Peixes and Teles Pires, in Mato Grosso State, Brazil. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
South America: Rio Teles Pires, rio Tapajós basin in Mato Grosso State, Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 99871)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. Pseudancistrus kayabi is distinguished from all congeners except P. reus by having dark bars in caudal and dorsal fins (vs. with white spots in caudal and dorsal fins). It can be further diagnosed from all Pseudancistrus except P. nigrescens by having a dark brown body with whitish spots that fade along the posterior portion of the dorsal fin and forming mottled pattern (vs. either dark brown with conspicuous rounded spots not covering more than one plate in P. barbatus, P. corantijniensis, P. depressus, P. asurini, and P. zawadzkii or with dark brown bars in P. reus). It further differs from P. barbatus and P. depressus by having the snout with yellowish hypertrophied odontodes (vs. reddish-brown odontodes). Other characters useful for the identification of P. kayabi include the following: shorter pectoral spine, 22-30% SL (vs. 29-34% in P. nigrescens, 31-33% in P. zawadzkii, and 30-34% in P. barbatus); shorter dorsal-fin base, 20-28% SL (vs. 28-29% in P. nigrescens, 29-31% in P. zawadzkii, and 28-31% in P. barbatus); greater internares width, 13-19% HL (vs. 10.5-12.9% in P. nigrescens); head depth, 60-66% HL, greater than in P. nigrescens (56-57%) and in P. barbatus (41-53%) but smaller than in P. zawadzkii (67-73%); and a greater adipose-anal distance (17-25% SL vs. 15-17% in P. nigrescens and 12-15% in P. barbatus) (Ref. 99871).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Silva, G.S.C., F.F. Roxo and C. Oliveira, 2015. Two new species of Pseudancistrus (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the Amazon basin, northern Brazil. ZooKeys 482:21-34. (Ref. 99871)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00370 - 0.01627), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .