Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Profundulidae
(Middle American killifishes)
Etymology: Profundulus: Latin, profundus = deep (Ref. 45335); mixtlanesis: Derived from the word 'Mixtlan' in the Nahuatl language. The Tenoch culture used to call Mixtlan the region where the new species occurs. Mixtlan is a compound word, consisting of words Mixtli (cloud) and -Tlan (place). It means 'the place of the clouds'.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Central America: Oaxaca, Mexico in the following river systems: Colorado River, Atoyaquillo River, the Atoyac river basin, and the Mixteco river basin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106146)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 12 - 21. Profundulus mixtlanensis can be diagnosed from other congeners by the following characters: a pronounced lower jaw; 30-35 lateral scales; lack dark body spotting on the posterior half of the body caused by melanization of the base of the scales; in lateral view, dorsal profile of the head shows a concavity just above the supra-occipital crest, which quickly reaches a flat profile posteriorly, an attribute that becomes more pronounced with age; body height <2/3 of SL; pre-pectoral distance <1/3 of SL; distance between ventral and anal fins 15% of SL; caudal peduncle depth 13% of SL; post-anal length 15% of SL; head length 26-28% of SL; preorbital length 26-30% of HL; eye diameter 26-28% of SL; anal-fin length 16-17% of SL; 30-35 lateral scales; 12-21 anal-fin rays; 14-17 pectoral-fin rays (Ref. 106146).
Occurs in springs at altitudes between 710 and 2,300, but mostly above 2000 m (Ref. 106146).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ornelas-García, C.P., E. Martinez-Ramírez and I. Doadrio, 2015. A new species of killifish of the family Profundulidae from the highlands of the Mixteca region, Mexico. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 86(4):926-933. (Ref. 106146)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01259 (0.00492 - 0.03219), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .