Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Sparidae
Etymology: Polysteganus: Greek, polys = a lot of + Greek, stego, stege = covered (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated. Subtropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Southwestern Indian Ocean: Mozambique and South Africa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 32.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106993)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished from its by the following set of characters: scale rows above lateral line 7½ and between 5th dorsal-fin spine base and lateral-line 5½; pored lateral-line scales 53-55; suborbital depth obviously less than or subequal to orbit diameter; dorsal-fin rays reddish pink or orangish red but with deep yellow upper margin of dorsal-fin rays; distinct irregular lines of blue spots on body 7 or 8 (often present even in preserved specimens); pale reddish yellow membranes on caudal-fin lobes and caudal fin with hyaline white margin on lower fin lobe; without blue iridescence on dorsal and lateral side of whitish pink body; canines are somewhat smaller, only upper canines visible when mouth closed; slender body, 40-43% (mean 42%) of SL; without bony bulge before and above eye even in larger specimens of over 25 cm TL; caudal fin is moderately forked (Ref. 106993).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Iwatsuki, Y. and P.C. Heemstra, 2015. Redescriptions of Polysteganus coeruleopunctatus (Klunzinger 1870) and P. lineopunctatus (Boulenger 1903), with two new species from Western Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 4059(1):133-150. (Ref. 106993)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00620 - 0.02676), b=3.03 (2.87 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .