Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: pataxo: The specific name refers to the Pataxó native tribe, formerly inhabiting the whole area where the new species is found.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 17°S - 19°S, 40°W - 39°W (Ref. 96072)
South America: Mucuri, Itanhem and Jucuruçu river basins in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96072); 2.6 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 19 - 24;
Vertebrae: 27 - 29. Xenurolebias pataxo differs from all species of Xenurolebias by the absence of black spots on the posterior part of the caudal peduncle in females (vs. 1-5 spots). It is also distinguished from X. myersi by its narrower head (head width 65.7-71.1% SL in males and 65.8-70.3% in females, vs. 71.5-74.6% and 74.5-81.1%, respectively), lack of round yellow spots on the distal portion of the anal fin in males (vs. presence), longer filaments on the tip of the dorsal fin in males (reaching the posterior portion of the caudal fin, vs. reaching between the base and middle of the caudal fin), and caudal fin lanceolate, with a pronounced posterior tip in larger individuals (vs. sub-lanceolate, never forming a distinctive tip posteriorly). It can be further diagnosed from X. izecksohni by having the dorsal and anal fins, in males, with short light bars on the basal portion and small round light spots of the distal portion (vs. branching bars), absence of oblique short bars on ventral portion of caudal fin in males (vs. presence), and fewer dark brown bars on the caudal fin in males (5-7 vs. 9-12) (Ref. 96072).
Occurs in a broad coastal plain area which is situated within a touristic zone. As a consequence, the natural habitats have experienced a great decline since the 1980s, with remarkable habitat loss in the last two decades due to intensive urbanization (Ref. 96072).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Costa, W.J.E.M. and P.F. Amorim, 2014. Integrative taxonomy and conservation of seasonal killifishes, Xenurolebias (Teleostei: Rivulidae), and the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Systematic and Biodiversity (Ref. 96072)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00401 - 0.01981), b=3.14 (2.94 - 3.34), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .