Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Rivulidae
Etymology: Papiliolebias: Latin, papilio, -onis = butterfly + Greek, lebias, ou = a kind of small fish (Ref. 45335); francescae: Named for Francesca Fontana, wife of one of the discoverers and authors (SV), in recognition to her love, friendship and support over the years.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: seasonal pools in the Rio San Pablo drainage, Rio Madeira basin in Bolivia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111235); 1.9 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 18 - 19;
Vertebrae: 26. Papiliolebias francescae is distinguished from all congeners by the following unique characters: pointed dorsal and anal fins in males (vs. rounded); oblique, chevron-shaped, blue-gray and dark red stripes in close proximity on flanks of males (vs. never a similar color pattern); proximal half dorsal and anal fin whitish with broad dark red elongated spots (vs. proximal portion black with white spots); two or three transverse rows of dark red spots on caudal fin (vs. never a similar color pattern); pupil with anterior pointed extension (vs. rounded pupil) (Ref. 111235).
Occurs in a quite shallow (about 0.40-1.0 m deep), temporary pool about 60 meters long and 10 meters wide, with clear water and litter at the bottom (Ref. 111235).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Valdesalici, S. and R. Brousseau, 2014. A new Papiliolebias species (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes: Rivulidae) from Bolivian Amazon. Aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 20(3):117-122. (Ref. 111235)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00415 - 0.02523), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .