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Parkraemeria rhinoceros Suzuki & Senou, 2013

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Parkraemeria rhinoceros
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: rhinoceros: Name from Latin 'rhino' for nose and 'keras' for horn; referring to the small anteriorly directed skin projection on the tip of the upper lip in the new species.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 5 - 12 m (Ref. 93255).   Temperate

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Japan.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93255); 2.5 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 6; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13; Anal soft rays: 13; Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: D VI,13 segmented rays; A 13 segmented rays 13; pectoral-fin rays 14; head large 30-31% SL; pectoral fin long, reaching past end of pelvic fins, its length 18-21% SL; caudal fin long 21-24% SL; snout short 5-9% head length; slightly protruding lower jaw, posterior end of jaws reaching posteriorly to or beyond vertical at anterior oculoscapular canal pore F?; tip of upper lip with a small anteriorly directed skin projection; reduced longitudinal pattern of sensory-papillae rows; rounded caudal fin; with 6 large black blotches along lateral midline of body; spinous portion of dorsal fin with a cospicuous black curved mark along entire edge (Ref. 93255).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits coral sandy bottoms of bays at depths of 5-12 m. They live on bottom, crawl into bottom directly and push out a head from the bottom (Ref. 93255).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Suzuki, T. and H. Senou, 2013. Review of the sand-diving goby genus Parkraemeria (Perciformes: Gobiidae), with descriptions of two new species form Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Bull. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A. Suppl. 7:53-66. (Ref. 93255)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00300 - 0.01455), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .