Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: rhinoceros: Name from Latin 'rhino' for nose and 'keras' for horn; referring to the small anteriorly directed skin projection on the tip of the upper lip in the new species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 5 - 12 m (Ref. 93255). Temperate
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Northwest Pacific: Japan.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93255); 2.5 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 13;
Vertebrae: 26. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: D VI,13 segmented rays; A 13 segmented rays 13; pectoral-fin rays 14; head large 30-31% SL; pectoral fin long, reaching past end of pelvic fins, its length 18-21% SL; caudal fin long 21-24% SL; snout short 5-9% head length; slightly protruding lower jaw, posterior end of jaws reaching posteriorly to or beyond vertical at anterior oculoscapular canal pore F?; tip of upper lip with a small anteriorly directed skin projection; reduced longitudinal pattern of sensory-papillae rows; rounded caudal fin; with 6 large black blotches along lateral midline of body; spinous portion of dorsal fin with a cospicuous black curved mark along entire edge (Ref. 93255).
Inhabits coral sandy bottoms of bays at depths of 5-12 m. They live on bottom, crawl into bottom directly and push out a head from the bottom (Ref. 93255).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Suzuki, T. and H. Senou, 2013. Review of the sand-diving goby genus Parkraemeria (Perciformes: Gobiidae), with descriptions of two new species form Ryukyu Islands, Japan. Bull. Nat. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. A. Suppl. 7:53-66. (Ref. 93255)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00661 (0.00300 - 0.01455), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .