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Probolodus oyakawai Santos & Castro, 2014

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Probolodus oyakawai
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes (Characins) > Characidae (Characins) > Incertae sedis
Etymology: Probolodus: Greek, pro = in front o + Greek, ballo = to throw + Greek, odous = teeth;  oyakawai: Named for Osvaldo T. Oyakawa from MZUSP, the collector of many of the specimens that served as the basis of this paper, in appreciation of his major contributions to our knowledge of the fishes of the rio Ribeira de Iguape basin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: rio Ribeira de Iguape basin, Brazil.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 96884)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Vertebrae: 33 - 34. Probolodus oyakawai is distinguished from its two congeners, P. heterostomus and P. sazimai, by the following characters: the base of the large epural not leaning against the urostyle bone (vs. the base of the large epural in contact, not fused the urostyle); first and second infraorbitals contacting but not overlapping (vs. relationship with overlapping or leaning against); posterior portion of the maxilla extended in relation to median portion (vs. posterior portion of the same width than median portion); anterior extension of nasal reaching the lateral projection of mesethmoid (vs. outpacing the end of the projection of mesethmoid). It further differs from P. heterostomus by having 41-43 perforated scales on the lateral line (vs. 45-56 perforated scales), 14-16 scale series around the caudal peduncle (vs. 18-21 scale series around the caudal peduncle), and body relatively shorter, with 33-34 total vertebrae (vs. 34-35 vertebrae) (Re. 96884).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Fish scales were found in the stomach contents of three specimens (Ref. 96884).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Santos, O. and R.M.C. Castro, 2014. Taxonomy of Probolodus Eigenmann, 1911 (Characiformes: Characidae) with description of two new species, and comments about the phylogenetic relationships and biogeography of the genus. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 12(2):403-418. (Ref. 96884)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00604 - 0.02750), b=3.05 (2.87 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.1   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  .
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .