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Trimma trioculatum  Winterbottom, Erdmann & Cahyani, 2015

Three-eyed pygmygoby
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Trimma trioculatum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Trimma: Greek, trimma, -atos = something crushed (Ref. 45335);  trioculatum: Name derived from 'tri' for three and 'oculatus' for having eyes; referring to the extra apparent eye formed by the dark ocellated spot in the first dorsal fin.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 71 m (Ref. 102609).   Tropical; 20°N - 9°S, 114°E - 154°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Pacific: known with certainty from Indonesia. Non-types collected from Palau, Papua New Guinea and the Philippines.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 1.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 102609); 1.7 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-9; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 8. This species is distinguished by the following characters: first dorsal fin with a large (slightly greater than pupil diameter in width) round, black, ocellated spot in between spines 1 and 5; a second, much smaller black or dark red spot just posterior to the spine of the second dorsal fin and above the basal stripe; body yellow with a dark purplish or gray head with two distinct red bars across the cheek; without round spots of any colour on the nape, opercle or cheek; upper pectoral fin base with a small dark (preserved) or white (alive) spot; a narrow bony interorbital (<70% pupil diameter); first dorsal fin without elongated spines; pectoral fin rays 15-16, with the middle 4-8 rays branched; fifth pelvic fin ray with a single dichotomous branch; total gill rakers on the first gill arch 16-17 (Ref. 102609).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Inhabits steep outer reef walls, often present in groups of up to 20 individuals which are loosely aggregated and perched vertically on the substrate at the back of small overhangs and crevices. Non-type specimens collected were also nearly always found on steep outer reef walls (Ref. 102609).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Winterbottom, R., M.V. Erdmann and N.K. Dita Cahyani, 2015. New species of Trimma (Actinopterygii, Gobiidae) from Indonesia, with comments on head papillae nomenclature. Zootaxa 3973(2):201-226. (Ref. 102609)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 28 - 29.1, mean 28.6 (based on 68 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00289 - 0.01377), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .