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Protammodytes ventrolineatus Randall & Ida, 2014

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Protammodytes ventrolineatus
Female picture by Alvheim, O.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Ammodytidae (Sand lances)
Etymology: Protammodytes: Greek, pro = first, in front of + Greek, ammos = sand + Greek, dytes = that likes diving (Ref. 45335);  ventrolineatus: Named for the black lines ventrally on the abdomen.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic; depth range ? - 240 m (Ref. 97535).   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Saya de Malha Bank.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.8 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 36; Anal soft rays: 16; Vertebrae: 53. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D 36; A 16; pectoral-fin rays 17; pelvic fin rays 5; lateral-line scales 86; no gap in subocular sensory canal; gill rakers 3 + 21; vertebrae 53; body depth at dorsal-fin origin 10.9 in SL: head length 3.75 in SL; eye large, 4.15 in HL; large mouth slightly oblique, the upper-jaw length 3.05 in HL; lower jaw projecting, the tip narrowly rounded; teeth in jaws absent; pelvic fins present, 3.75 in HL; colour when fresh is bluish gray dorsally on body to one scale row below bluish white lateral line, the scale edges are black, with a broad bluish white zone on side of body, ending ventrally in an indistinct stripe of brown blotches beginning at base of pectoral fin, becoming blackish posteriorly, and ending ventrally on caudal peduncle and base of caudal fin, the body below stripe is light gray, the snout reddish gray, the iris is pale yellowish, dorsal fin whitish, caudal fin reddish on basal half, except for a rectangular white bar at base, whitish distally; colour when preserved: body yellowish brown dorsally, the scales narrowly rimmed in black; a broad light purplish gray zone on side of body, abruptly pale tan ventrally below level of lower edge of pectoral-fin base, a series of 22 oblique black lines on each side of abdomen, and 3 longitudinal black lines midventrally; fins pale yellowish (Ref. 97535).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and H. Ida, 2014. Three new species of sand lances (Perciformes: Ammodytidae) from the southwest Indian Ocean. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 12:1-11. (Ref. 97535)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00331 (0.00148 - 0.00739), b=3.09 (2.90 - 3.28), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .