Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Parananochromis: Greek, para = the side of + Latin, nannus = small + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335); orsorum: The species is named after Rose and Tony Orso, Vernon (USA), who helped to import a number of new species of cichlids over the years and donated specimens for scientific research; this provided the initial stimulus to check collections for additional species of the genus Parananochromis (Ref. 97361).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
Africa: upper tributaries of Lokoundje River and northern tributaries of Ntem River in Cameroon (Ref. 97361).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 97361)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 14 - 16;
soft rays: 7 - 8. Diagnosis: Parananochromis orsorum is distinguished from P. brevirostris, P. elobatus and P. ornatus by the presence of 4 tubular infraorbital bones vs. 3; from P. brevirostris and P. elobatus by the presence of scales on the chest vs. absence, and a well developed pharyngeal pad vs. weakly developed; and from P. axelrodi by a shallower body depth, being 27,3-33,7% of standard length vs. 35,6-42,2% (Ref. 97361). It differs from Parananochromis caudifasciatus by a greater preorbital distance, 19-28% of head length vs. 17-19; absence of dots on caudal fin of females vs. rows of dots in females; and more pointed snout (Ref. 97361). It differs from Parananochromis gabonicus by fewer rows in both jaws, 2 rows in both jaws vs. 2-4 in upper jaw and 2-3 in lower jaw; and in colouration, intense and regular rows of pale blue spots in soft dorsal, caudal and soft anal fins of males, yellow colouration of distal part of anal fin of both sexes, black colouration of tip of pelvic fin of females vs. rows of spots in fins absent or pale and restricted to proximal parts of fins, distal part of anal fin clear, tip of pelvic fin clear to pale white in P. gabonicus (Ref. 97361). It differs from Parananochromis longirostris by the absence of the following features in P. orsorum: silver centers on body scales in both sexes, red colouration across dorsal portion of eye, spots in dorsal, caudal and anal fins of females; and a smaller size (Ref. 97361).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lamboj, A., 2014. Two new species of Parananochromis from Cameroon, Central Africa (Teleostei: Cichlidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 25(1):49-57. (Ref. 97361)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .