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Pseudojuloides edwardi Victor & Randall, 2014

Mombasa pencil wrasse
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses) > Corinae
Etymology: Pseudojuloides: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, iouis = a fish without identification, perhaps some of genus Coris cited by Plinius + Greek, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335);  edwardi: Named for Jason Edward, noun in genitive case.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 5 - 20 m.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Kenya.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95804)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 11; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 12. This species is distinguished by the following characters: D IX,11; A III,12; pectoral rays 13; lateral-line scales 27 (+1 on tail); head scaleless; gill rakers 14; anteriorly in each jaw is a pair of large, projecting, and slightly recurved canine teeth, the upper pair slightly out-flaring, the lowers curving forward and fitting between uppers when mouth closed; on each side of upper and lower jaws, a short irregular row of 4-7 chisel-like incisiform teeth, no canine posteriorly at corner of mouth; body, body elongated, depth 4.2-4.9 in SL, only slightly compressed, body width 1.4-1.8 in depth; caudal fin truncate in initial phase, with slightly extended upper and lower lobes in terminal-phase male; colour of initial phase reddish orange to pink, often with more yellow tint anteriorly and grading to white ventrally on the head and abdomen; in life, terminal-phase male with rear half of body emerald green with two bright blue stripes, lower along lateral midline, upper along mid-upper body, dorsum above upper blue line olive green; upper head and anterior body olive green, becoming darker to black at mid-body; lower half of head and anterior body with prominent yellow reticulum over magenta background; magenta line extends forward below orbit along upper jaw and back across snout to end over the orbit; dorsal and anal fins with bluish base and edge surrounding midline thick yellow band; caudal fin blue-edged top and bottom with a short blue extension of the mid-lateral stripe onto the fin (Ref. 95804).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Depth range (5-20 m) given by B. Victor (pers. comm. 10/18).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Westneat, Mark | Collaborators

Victor, B.C. and J.E. Ranfdall, 2014. Pseudojuloides edwardi, n. sp. (Perciformes: Labridae): an example of evolution of male-display phenotype outpacing divergence in mitochondrial genotype. J. Ocean Sci. Found. 11:1-12. (Ref. 95804)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00516 - 0.02226), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.3   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .