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Petrocephalus arnegardi Lavoué & Sullivan, 2014

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Petrocephalus arnegardi
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Osteoglossiformes (Bony tongues) > Mormyridae (Elephantfishes)
Etymology: Petrocephalus: Latin, petra = stone + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335);  arnegardi: This species is dedicated to Matthew E. Arnegard, in recognition of his contributions to study of mormyrid evolution and diversification; Matthew Arnegard is additionally a member of the “Mintotom Team”: researchers associated with the Carl D. Hopkins Laboratory at Cornell University who have conducted field studies on African weakly electric fishes for more than 15 years ("Mintotom" is the plural form of the word for mormyrid fish in the Fang language of West Central Africa) (Ref. 96601).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: various tributaries of the Likouala drainage (middle Congo River tributary) in Republic of Congo, and the middle Congo River near Yangambi in Democratic Republic of the Congo (Ref. 96601).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.0 cm male/unsexed; (Ref. 96601)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Diagnosis: Petrocephalus arnegardi is distinguished from all other Petrocephalus species of Central Africa by the following combination of characteristics: pigmentation pattern comprising three well-defined, bilateral black patches, one usually distinct round/ovoid subdorsal black mark situated slightly anterior to dorsal, one black mark at the base of each pectoral fin, and one ovoid black mark centered at the base of caudal fin; dorsal fin at least one third shorter than anal fin; dorsal fin with at least 20 branched rays but no more than 22; anal fin with at least 30 branched rays; 16 teeth or fewer in upper jaw, 25 teeth or fewer in lower jaw; eye relatively large, ration head length and eye-diameter less than 4.7; mouth subterminal; ration of head length to mouth position between 4.2 and 5.6; mouth small, ration head length and mouth width more than 4.1; and EOD of normal polarity, mainly biphasic with sometimes the presence of a small-amplitude positive third phase (Ref. 96601).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Lavoué, S. and J.P. Sullivan, 2014. Petrocephalus boboto and Petrocephalus arnegardi, two new species of African electric fish (Osteoglossomorpha, Mormyridae) from the Congo River basin. ZooKeys 400:43-65. (Ref. 96601)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .