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Pseudobarbus skeltoni Chakona & Swartz, 2013

Giant redfin
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Pseudobarbus skeltoni
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Barbinae
Etymology: Pseudobarbus: Greek, pseudes = false + Latin, barbus = barbel (Ref. 45335);  skeltoni: The specific name, skeltoni, is given in honour of Professor Paul H. Skelton in recognition of his lifelong service to taxonomic and systematic research on freshwater fishes in southern Africa, his contribution to the taxonomic revision and systematics of Pseudobarbus and specifically for his mentoring of students on this group of fishes (Ref. 93872).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Subtropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Breede River system, South Africa (Ref. 93872).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93872)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-12; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8; Vertebrae: 36 - 38. Diagnosis: Pseudobarbus skeltoni reaches the largest size of any Pseudobarbus species and is distinguished from its congeners, except P. burchelli and P. burgi, by possessing two pairs of prominent oral barbels (Ref. 93872). It is distinguished from P. burchelli and P. burgi by the combination of the following features: distinctive terminal mouth in adults vs. subterminal in all size classes of P. burchelli and P. burgi; juveniles, sub-adults and young adults of P. skeltoni have subterminal mouths, but their lower lips are unretracted and they lack the cartilaginous plate found in both P. burchelli and P. burgi; a typically longer head relative to standard length, being 30.5% vs. 26.8% in P. burchelli and 25.8% in P. burgi; shaloow head depth, being 64.2% of head length compared to 70.1% of head length in P. burchelli and 74.1% of head length in P. burgi; mature sexually active males develop two clusters of large conical tubercles on the snout, with 22-30 tubercles in each cluster, vs. 5-10 tubercles per cluster in P. burchelli and 10-15 tubercles per cluster in P. burgi; multiple rows of large conspicious tubercles above each nare and antero-dorsal edge of each orbit, vs. single row in congenres (Ref. 93872).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Reproduction is unknown, but spawning possibly occurs around November-December, based on the observation that males had large tubercles; juveniles and sub-adults probably feed by picking prey or algae from rock; adults have more predatory lifestyle and are possibly water column feeders (Ref. 93872).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Chakona, A. and E.R. Swartz, 2013. A new redfin species, Pseudobarbus skeltoni (Cyprinidae, Teleostei), from the Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. Zootaxa 3686(5):565-577. (Ref. 93872)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Endangered (EN) (B1ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)+2ab(i,ii,iii,iv,v)); Date assessed: 06 December 2016

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00977 (0.00374 - 0.02556), b=3.02 (2.79 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  2.9   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .