Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Neoplecostominae
Etymology: Pareiorhaphis: Greek, pareia = jaw + Greek, rhaphis = needle (Ref. 45335); proskynita: The specific name is from the Greek proskynitís (Proskungtg´z), which means ‘‘pilgrim,’’ in allusion
to the pilgrimage activity associated with The Santuário do Caraça (‘‘Caraça’s Sanctuary’’).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 4.5 - 5.5. Tropical
South America: upper portion of the Ribeirão Caraça, tributary to Rio Piracicaba in Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91754)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 6. Distinguished from all congeners by its unique color pattern consisting of large and conspicuous dark brown blotches irregularly scattered over a yellowish tan background on head, along the dorsal surface of body and flanks, and shallow depression at posterior unpaired plates covering the area otherwise occupied by the adipose fin. Differs from all congeners except Pareiorhaphis nudulus, P. eurycephalus, and P. vestigipinnis by the usual absence of the adipose fin; and from P. nudulus, P. eurycephalus, and P. vestigipinnis by having a shorter pectoral-fin spine 13.9-18.4% SL (vs. 19.3-24.2, 20.0-24.7, and 18.2-21.4% SL, respectively) (Ref. 91754).
Occurs in tributaries of the upper Ribeirão Caraça as well as in the main course of Ribeirão Caraça. These tributaries are blackwater rivers with translucent and fast flowing water and bottom consisting of very large rocks sparsely covered by iron-ore pebbles and gravel. These rocks are covered by a thin layer of periphyton and green algae. Found in medium-sized streams, relatively shallow (0.5 to 1.5 m deep). Small specimens and juveniles were collected in stretches of relative-slow water currents, associated with loose stones and pebbles deposits. Food items found in the guts of 2 specimens (3.91-8.26 cm SL) were mainly filamentous algae. Collected together with Oligosarcus sp. and Hoplias cf. malabaricus in stretches of slow-water pools (Ref. 91754).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pereira, E.H.L. and M.R. Britto, 2012. A new distinctively colored catfish of the genus Pareiorhaphis (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from the Rio Piracicaba, Upper Rio Doce Basin, Brazil. Copeia 2012(3):519-526. (Ref. 91754)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .