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Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes, 1862)

Blackfringe Bigeye
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Pristigenys refulgens   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Pristigenys refulgens
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Priacanthidae (Bigeyes or catalufas)
Etymology: Pristigenys: Greek, pristis = saw + Greek, genys, -yos = face (Ref. 45335).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range 80 - 100 m (Ref. 4328).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: eastern coast of Africa; north to Japan; south to Indonesia.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 27.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94109)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10-12; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 10. Distinguished from its congeners by the following set of characters: D X,11; A III,10; total gill rakers on first arch 23-26, mode 24 (upper limb 6-9, lower 16-18); lateral-line scales 31-37, mode 33; body scales above pectoral fin with about 11-40 spinules on posterior margin, the number increasing with growth up to ca. 20 cm SL; rounded caudal fin in young and adults; colour of posterior soft portions of vertical fins hyaline reddish with black margins, width about 1/4 of pupil diameter in fresh specimens (usually distinct in preservation); 5 white or pale relatively narrow vertical bands on body, the third around 1/4-2/5 width of pupil, somewhat expanded dorsally and ventrally, and relatively vertical throughout, including dorsal and ventral extremities (Ref. 94109).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Iwatsuki, Y., T. Matsuda, W.C. Starnes, T. Nakabo and T. Yoshino, 2012. A valid priacanthid species, Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes 1862), and a redescription of P. niphonia (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829) in the Indo-West Pacific (Perciformes: Priacanthidae). Zootaxa 3206:41-57. (Ref. 94109)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 10 March 2015

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Estimates of some properties based on models

Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969): 16.3 - 27.1, mean 23.9 (based on 108 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5313   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02239 (0.00941 - 0.05325), b=2.94 (2.74 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.9   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (23 of 100) .