Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Trichomycteridae
(Pencil or parasitic catfishes) > Trichomycterinae
Etymology: Trichomycterus: Greek, thrix = hair + Greek, mykter, -eros = nose (Ref. 45335); minus: The name 'minus', in reference to the English word, mine, alludes to the mining activities common in the portion of the Province of Catamarca where the species was captured.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range ? - 1 m (Ref. 94174). Subtropical
South America: Río Cuevas in Argentina.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 94174)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 36. Diagnosed from other species of Trichomycterus , except T. alterus, T. aguarague , T.belensis , T. boylei, and T. ramosus, by having 3 supraorbital pore, discontinuous supraorbital canal, expanded supraorbital tendon bone, and the premaxilla equal in size to, or smaller than, the maxilla. Can be separted from these five species by the following characters: non-enlarged base of the maxillary barbel, thick rugose layer of fatty tissue on the head and body absent; and integument on the surface of the interopercle not covering the odontodes. Can be further differentiated from T. alterus in the only slightly compressed caudal peduncle, presence of dark pigmentation on the area of the body anteroventral to the dorsal-fin origin not covering the odontodes, and the profile of the head from a dorsal view which is not much wider posteriorly than anteriorly; from T. aguarague in having four or five premaxillary tooth rows; from T. belensis in the uniformly brown pigmentation on the body and the lack of dark pigmentation on the basal portions of the caudal-fin rays; from T. boylei in the profile of the head from a dorsal view which is not much wider posteriorly than anteriorly; and from T. ramosus in the distally unbranched barbels of variable width along their length (Ref. 94174).
Found in a small, silt-laden stream with 0.2 to 1.0 m depth, 1.0 to 2.5 m width over a sand and rock bottom without aquatic vegetation, flow rate 0.037m3/s, conductivity 0.614 mS/ cm, turbidity 10, dissolved oxygen 4.96 mg/l, and temperature 20°C. Hides under rocks. Feeds on autochthonous benthic macroinvertebrates (dipteran larvae and Ephemeroptera) (Ref. 94174)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Fernández, L. and R.P. Vari, 2012. New species of Trichomycterus (Teleostei: Siluriformes) from the Andean Cordillera of Argentina and the second record of the genus in thermal waters. Copeia 2012(4):631-636. (Ref. 94174)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00301 - 0.02096), b=2.98 (2.75 - 3.21), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .