You can sponsor this page

Typhleotris mararybe  Sparks & Chakrabarty, 2012

Upload your photos and videos
Pictures | Google image
Image of Typhleotris mararybe
Typhleotris mararybe
No image available for this species;
drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Eleotridae (Sleepers) > Milyeringinae
Etymology: Typhleotris: Greek, typhlos = blind + the name of a Nile fish, eleotris (Ref. 45335);  mararybe: From the Malagasy 'marary' (ill or sick), and 'be' (big), meaning very sick or big sickness; in reference to the strange debilitating viral illness or sinkhole fever members of the expedition team contracted after snorkeling in Grotte de Vitane (Ref. 93144).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; demersal.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: known only from Grotte de Vitane, a sinkhole near the town of Itampolo, Madagascar (Ref. 93144).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93144)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 8; Vertebrae: 26. Diagnosis: This species is characterized by uniformly dark brown pigmentation throughout the body, and extending onto the fins for 1/3 of their length; only the distal 2/3 of each fin lacks pigment, apart from the dorsal fins, which are dark brown (Ref. 93144). In addition, Typhleotris mararybe can be distinguished from congeners by the presence of prominent and protruding anterior skeletal elements: protruding lateral ethmoid, sphenotic, and pterotic projections, in combination with a strongly sunken and concave orbital region, lend the head a sculpted and angled bony appearance, particularly in dorsal view; a shorter pectoral fin not reaching a vertical through the anus when adpressed; and an elevated vertebral count (Ref. 93144). It is further distinguished from T. madagascariensis by the absence of scales fully covering the head and a longer second predorsal length (64.9-69.0% of standard length vs. 56.2-64.1% of standard length); and from T. pauliani by a shorter prepelvic length (33.0-33.9% of standard length vs. 34.1-40.4% of standard length), a pelvic formula of I,5, and the absence of a single leading spine in both the second dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 93144).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Blind, cave-dwelling species; the known habitat, Grotte de Vitane, is a karst formation with nearly vertical walls, whose water level at the time of collection was approximately 10-15 m below the rim; the diameter of the sinkhole was approximately 100 m across at its widest, and 70 m at its narrowest, with more or less shear walls; the heigth of the sinkhole walls to the water level was approximately 50 m on its southern end, and much shallower on the northern end (Ref. 93144). The water was relatively clear, deep, and warm, about 7.5-10 m deep on average; occurs in open water within 1–1.5 m of the surface; upon being chased, all individuals immediately dove toward the bottom (Ref. 93144).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Sparks, J.S. and P. Chakrabarty, 2012. Revision of the endemic Malagasy Cavefish genus Typhleotris (Teleostei: Gobiiformes: Milyeringidae), with discussion of its phylogenetic placement and description of a new species. American Museum Novitates 3764:1-28. (Ref. 93144)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

Countries
FAO areas
Ecosystems
Occurrences
Introductions
Stocks
Ecology
Diet
Food items
Food consumption
Ration
Common names
Synonyms
Metabolism
Predators
Ecotoxicology
Reproduction
Maturity
Spawning
Fecundity
Eggs
Egg development
Age/Size
Growth
Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morphometrics
Morphology
Larvae
Larval dynamics
Recruitment
Abundance
References
Aquaculture
Aquaculture profile
Strains
Genetics
Allele frequencies
Heritability
Diseases
Processing
Mass conversion
Collaborators
Pictures
Stamps, Coins Misc.
Sounds
Ciguatera
Speed
Swim. type
Gill area
Otoliths
Brains
Vision

Tools

Special reports

Download XML

Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.6250   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.2   ±0.5 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .