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Patagolycus melastomus Matallanas & Corbella, 2012

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Patagolycus melastomus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Zoarcidae (Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Patagolycus: Named for Patagonia ('Patago', the type species found mainly in Patagonian waters) and the Greek 'lykos' (= wolf), a commonly used suffix for southern hemisphere zoarcid genera.;  melastomus: Name from the Greek 'melas' for black or dark and 'stoma' for mouth; referring to the colour of its orobranchial cavity.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; demersal; depth range 164 - 489 m (Ref. 90127).   Temperate; 45°S - 52°S, 60°W - 69°W (Ref. 90127)

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Southwest Atlantic Ocean.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90127); 38.5 cm TL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 83-89; Anal soft rays: 67 - 73; Vertebrae: 86 - 93. This species is distinguished by the following characters: presence of submental crest; elongated and narrowed neurocranium; frontals fused anteriorly with no trace of a suture; frontal corner squared; long frontal ramus; frontal and parasphenoid well separated by pterosphenoid; sphenotic and parietal in contact; parietals separated from mid-line; parasphenoid wing reaches the mid-height of the trigeminofacialis foramen; supraoccipital?exoccipìtal articulation excluded by epioccipital; no supratemporal commissure and occipital pores; intercalar well developed; 8 suborbital bones, canal with 7 pores; postorbital pores 1 and 4; ceratohyal?epihyal juncture interdigitating dorsally; branchiostegal rays 5; posterior hyomandibular ramus elongate; well developed palatal arch and posttemporal ventral ramus; scapular foramen enclosed by bone; scapular strut present; cartilaginous basal plate of pectoral girdle with 4 foramina; asymmetrical vertebrae; well developed oral valve; gill slit extending ventrally below lower end of pectoral-fin base; scalloped gill rakers; pelvic-fin rays ensheated; squamation extensive; with lateral line, pyloric caeca, palatine and vomerine teeth; oral cavity and peritoneum black (Ref. 90127).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Matallanas, J. and C. Corbella, 2012. Redescription of Iluocoetes Jenyns, 1842; proposal of a new genus, Argentinolycus, for Iluocoetes elongatus (Smitt, 1898), and description of Patagolycus melastomus gen. et sp. nov. (Teleostei, Zoarcidae). Zootaxa 3296:1-18. (Ref. 90127)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 1.0000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00263 (0.00123 - 0.00561), b=3.21 (3.02 - 3.40), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.5   ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (56 of 100) .