Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Parosphromenus: Greek, para in the side of + Greek, osphromenos, osphrainomai = to smell (Ref. 45335); phoenicurus: Derived from the Greek words phoinix (crimson) and oura (tail), an allusion to the color pattern of the caudal fin. A noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.3 - ?. Tropical; 27°C - ? (Ref. 93137)
Asia: Sungai Kampar river drainage in Sumatra, Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93137)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 11 - 13;
soft rays: 8 - 11. Distinguished by having the following characters: dorsal fin with 11-13 spines and 6-7 segmented rays; anal fin with 11-13 spines and 8-11 segmented rays. Differs from other congeners by rhombic shape of caudal fin in adult males (vs. round or lanceolate with filaments) (Ref. 93137).
Occurs in blackwater swamp area with pH 5.25, conductivity 7 µS/cm, and water temperature 26.8 °C (Ref. 93137).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schindler, I. and H. Linke, 2012. Two new species of the genus Parosphromenus (Teleostei: Osphronemidae) from Sumatra. Vertebrate Zoology 62(3):399-406. (Ref. 93137)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .