Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae
(Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Parosphromenus: Greek, para in the side of + Greek, osphromenos, osphrainomai = to smell (Ref. 45335); gunawani: Named for Gunawan ‘Thomas’ Kasim, who, together with Horst Linke and others, collected the type specimens of this species. The name is a masculine singular genitive.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 4.1 - ?. Tropical; 29°C - ? (Ref. 93137)
Asia: Jambi, Sumatra in Indonesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 2.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 93137)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 11 - 13;
soft rays: 8 - 10. Distinguished by the following unique combination of character states: dorsal fin with 11-13 spines; anal fin with 11-12 spines and 8-10 segmented rays; round caudal fin with narrow bluish vertical band bounded anteriorly by brownish patch and posteriorly by black subdistal band; absence of blotch on posterior part of dorsal fin and reddishbrown bands on anal and dorsal fins (Ref. 93137)
Found in peat swamp associated with a shallow pond (water depth about 30 to 100 cm) and Surface of the swamp was in parts densely covered with aquatic plants (Ref. 93137). Water was shaded by trees and shrubs (Ref. 93137).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Schindler, I. and H. Linke, 2012. Two new species of the genus Parosphromenus (Teleostei: Osphronemidae) from Sumatra. Vertebrate Zoology 62(3):399-406. (Ref. 93137)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .