Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Anostomidae
Etymology: Pseudanos: Derived from Greek, pseudes = false (Ref. 45335); varii: Named for Richard P. Vari, ichthyologist from the National Museum of Natural History, Washington D.C., in recognition of his vast, invaluable contribution to the knowledge of systematics of characiform fishes, particularly the anostomoid fishes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: Rio Negro basin in Brazil, Río Síapa and Río Atabapo in Venezuela.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 91907)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 41 - 43. Distinguished from all other species of Pseudanos by having the following characters: three branchiostegal rays (vs. four in P. gracilis and most specimens of P. winterbottomi); dark transversal bars on dorsum absent (vs. present in P. trimaculatus); dark spots present on the center of each body scale, forming conspicuous, straight dark lines (vs. dark spots absent in P. gracilis; and in some specimens of P. trimaculatus), four midlateral dark blotches on body (vs. usually two, sometimes three or four in P. trimaculatus, or body lacking midlateral blotches and presenting instead a broad midlateral stripe in P. winterbottomi); angle of the dorsal and ventralmost radii of body scales between 40° and 90° (vs. angle between 110° and 180° in P. gracilis and P. trimaculatus); and cranial fontanel opened along its entire length (vs. cranial fontanel partially closed in P. trimaculatus) (Ref. 91907).
Adults occur in blackwater rivers and seasonally flooded forest on shores of river or oxbow lakes (Ref. 91907). Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairs breed on densely grown weedy places (Ref. 205).
Birindelli, J.L.O., F.C.T. Lima and H.A. Britski, 2012. New species of Pseudanos Winterbottom, 1980 (Characiformes: Anostomidae), with notes on the taxonomy of P. gracilis and P. trimaculatus. Zootaxa 3425:55-68. (Ref. 91907)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00552 - 0.02279), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.2 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (33 of 100) .