Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Parodontidae
Etymology: Parodon: Latin, par = two + Latin, dens = teeth (Ref. 45335); alfonsoi: This species is named alfonsoi, to honor Alfonso Londoño Orozco, father of the first author (AL-B), for his support and personal inspiration through the years (Ref. 88955).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 9°S - 10°S, 73°W - 74°W
South America: Colombia. Known from the río Tucuy, a tributary of the río Calenturitas, lower río Magdalena basin (Ref. 88955).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 88955)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Parodon alfonsoi differs from its congeners in having a silvery blotch beneath the eye (vs. silvery suborbital blotch absent); a lateral stripe with conspicuous, dark, vertical projections along almost its entire length (from the opercle to the area above the anal-fin base origin) (vs. lateral stripe with inconspicuous vertical projections along its entire length or without projections). From P. suborbitalis it can be distinguished by the greater number of preanal scales (27-30 vs. 24-27); by the lower number of cusps on premaxillary teeth (11-14 vs. 15-17); and by the lower number of branched pectoral-fin rays (11-14 vs. 14-17). It differs from P. moreirai, P. pongoensis, P. caliensis, and P. apolinari by the presence of a lateral stripe with zigzag projections (vs. absence of lateral stripe with zigzag projections). From P. hilarii it is differentiated by the straight edge of the premaxillary teeth (vs. slightly rounded) and length of projections of lateral stripe (three scales vs. two scales). From P. nasus it is distinguished by elongated projections (vs. rounded projections) and in having the lateral stripe extending to the distal tip of the medial caudal rays (vs. absence of medial caudal rays with dark projection). It also differs in the number of preanal scales (27-30 vs. fewer than 27, except in P. hilarii which has up to 28); greater caudal peduncle depth (13.3-16.3% SL vs. 12.9-14% in P. atratoensis, 10.7-13.9% in P. buckleyi and 10.4-12.7% in P. pongoensis); in having no dark spots above the lateral stripe (vs. spots present above lateral stripe except in P. bifasciatus); and by the number of cusps in premaxillary teeth (12-14 vs. 15-19 in P. carrikeri; 7-12 in P. bifasciatus). It can be differentiated from P. guyanensis by the number of teeth in the premaxilla (four vs. five) (Ref. 88955).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Londoño-Burbano, A., C. Román-Valencia and D.C. Taphorn, 2011. Taxonomic review of Colombian Parodon (Characiformes: Parodontidae), with descriptions of three new species. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 9(4):709-730. (Ref. 88955)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00568 - 0.02543), b=3.00 (2.81 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.1 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .