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Polysteganus mascarenensis Iwatsuki & Heemstra, 2011

Mascarene Red Seabream
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Polysteganus mascarenensis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Sparidae (Porgies)
Etymology: Polysteganus: Greek, polys = a lot of + Greek, stego, stege = covered (Ref. 45335);  mascarenensis: The specific name mascarenensis refers to the type locality for the species (Ref. 87808).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; benthopelagic, usually 258 - 305 m (Ref. 87808).   Tropical; 15°S - 16°S, 61°E - 62°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indian Ocean: Currently known only from the Seychelles, Mascarene Plateau, and Mascarene Islands (15°23.32'S‒15°41.11' S 61°04.54'E‒61°13.41'E) at a depth of 258‒305 m. However, the species is likely to have a wider distribution in Indian Ocean as the authors conclude that the Dentex sp. collected from Saya de Malha Bank, southeastern area of Seychelles Islands (Kyushin et al. 1977) is conspecific with P. mascarenensis (Ref. 87808).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87808)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Distinguished from all congeners of Polysteganus by the following combination of characters: dorsal-fin rays XII,10; anal-fin rays III, 8; scales rows between 10th dorsal-fin spine base and lateral line scale 6½; pored lateral line scales 51‒54; snout blunt and broad, its length 2.2‒2.3 times /orbit diameter; bony bulge before and above eye, forming a low median ridge; caudal fin emarginate, nearly truncate if widely spread; mouth large and jaws robust, especially upper jaw; height of posterior end of upper jaw under first two infraorbitals greater than half of orbit diameter (or much greater than pupil diameter); head and body uniform orange-red, dorsally, paler ventrally; all fins uniform reddish orange colour, but membrane of spinous dorsal-fin hyaline reddish orange; rear margin of operculum red; no dark blotch on lateral line below middle dorsal-fin spines, and no blue or cobalt longitudinal lines on body (Ref. 87808).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Iwatsuki, Y. and P.C. Heemstra, 2011. Polysteganus mascarenensis, a new sparid fish species from Mascarene Islands, Indian Ocean. Zootaxa 3018:13-20. (Ref. 87808)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Data deficient (DD) ; Date assessed: 20 March 2014

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5039   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01288 (0.00620 - 0.02676), b=3.03 (2.87 - 3.19), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  4.2   ±0.7 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  High vulnerability (64 of 100) .