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Petrotilapia palingnathos Lundeba, Stauffer & Konings, 2011

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Petrotilapia palingnathos
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Petrotilapia: Latin,petra = stone + Bechuana, African native thiape = fish (Ref. 45335);  palingnathos: The name palingnathos, from the Greek pálin, meaning back or backwards, and gnáthos, meaning mouth or jaw, referring to the shorter lower jaw; a noun in apposition (Ref. 87181).

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Freshwater; pelagic.   Tropical; 12°S - 13°S, 34°E - 35°E

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lake Malawi in Malawi and Mozambique (Ref. 87181).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 87181)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 17 - 18; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8-10; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8. Diagnosis: Adult male and female Petrotilapia palingnathos have distinctly retrognathous jaws and can thus be distinguished from all other members of Petrotilapia (Ref. 87181). Furthermore, the absence of a dark submarginal band in the dorsal fin distinguishes P. palingnathos from P. microgalana, P. genalutea, P. nigra, P. chrysos, P. mumboensis, and P. pyroscelos, which have such a band (Ref. 87181). Adult males of P. palingnathos are dark gray with orange markings and scales outlined in blue with orange cheek and a blue gular area, which distinguishes them from P. tridentiger, which are light blue with dark blue bars, and from males of P. xanthos which are yellow, while those of P. flaviventris are yellow on ventral and mid-sides with scales outlined in blue (Ref. 87181).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Normally found in the shallow but not wave-washed habitat (Ref. 87181).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Lundeba, M., J.R. Stauffer Jr. and A. F. Konings, 2011. Five new species of the genus Petrotilapia (Teleostei: Cichlidae), from Lake Malawi, Africa. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 22(2):149-168. (Ref. 87181)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)

  Least Concern (LC) ; Date assessed: 22 June 2018

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5010   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00703 - 0.03260), b=2.97 (2.80 - 3.14), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .