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Zaireichthys monomotapa  Eccles, Tweddle & Skelton, 2011

Eastern sand catlet
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Zaireichthys monomotapa
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Amphiliidae (Loach catfishes) > Leptoglanidinae
Etymology: Zaireichthys: Composed form Zaire river + Greek,ichtys = fish; the habitat of this fish (Ref. 45335);  monomotapa: Named, as a noun in apposition, after the historical Kingdom of Monomotapa, 'Monomotapa' being the old Portuguese spelling; this encompassed the area currently occupied by Mozambique and Zimbabwe and thus almost all of the distribution of this species (Ref. 86935).

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: widespread in the tributaries of middle and lower Zambezi River, tributaries of Lake Malawi, Pungwe River, Buzi River and Save River (Ref. 86935, 94654).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86935); 4.1 cm SL (female)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 6-7; Anal spines: 0; Anal soft rays: 10 - 12; Vertebrae: 35 - 38. Diagnosis: This species differs from Zaireichthys conspicuus, Z. lacustris and Z. maravensis in the narrow premaxillary tooth patch and the long lateral line, extending beyond base of anal fin; from Z. kunenensis in the narrower premaxillary tooth patch and the greater number of branched caudal rays, 14-16 vs. 11-14; from Z. kavangoensis in the longer lateral line, extending beyond anal fin and usually past adipose vs. above anterior to middle of anal fin; from Z. kafuensis and Z. pallidus in the longer lateral line and the greater number of caudal rays, 14-16 vs. 9-13, and pectoral-fin rays, 7-8 vs. 5-7 (Ref. 86935).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Found in flowing water with a sandy substrate; they do not adapt to dams and do not occur in Lake Kariba (Ref. 94654). They partly bury themselves in the sand, leaving only the head exposed, and snap at particles of food, such as minute aquatic animals (Ref. 94654).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Eccles, D.H., D. Tweddle and P.H. Skelton, 2011. Eight new species in the dwarf catfish genus Zaireichthys (Siluriformes: Amphiliidae). Smithiana Bull. (13):3-28. (Ref. 86935)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries:
FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

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FAO areas
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Ecology
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Common names
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Fecundity
Eggs
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Length-weight
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Morphometrics
Morphology
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Larval dynamics
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | GOBASE | | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | Scirus | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.0   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .