Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfish) > Loricariidae
(Armored catfishes) > Ancistrinae
Etymology: Paulasquama: Name from the Latin ‘paulus’ for small, and ‘squama’ for scale armor, referring to the small plates located in the dorsal series just below the dorsal fin.; callis: Name from Latin 'Callis' (masculine or feminine) for a stony, uneven, narrow footway, referring to the plates like cobblestones along the narrow mesethmoid with naked areas to either side; noun in apposition.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
South America: NW Guyana (Waruma River, tributary of the Mazaruni River).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86603)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 5. This species is distinguished from all other hypostomines by three unique autapomorphies: large, oval area lateral to the mesethmoid that is devoid of plates; plates in the dorsal series lateral to dorsal fin reduced to less than half what would be expected for a loricariid of its size; and, a fleshy keel along and slightly anterior to the preadipose plate and extending to dorsal caudal-fin simple ray along dorsal procurrent rays (Ref. 86603).
The collection area Waruma is a largely clearwater river with a slight black tint. Specimens
collected in a riffle, in a shallow side channel over polished cobble and gravel with some larger rocks covered in a grasslike vegetation. The watershed is forested (Ref. 86603).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Armbruster, J.W. and D.C. Taphor, 2011. A new genus and species of weakly armored catfish from the Upper Mazaruni River, Guyana (Siluriformes: Loricariidae). Copeia 2011(1):46-52. (Ref. 86603)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00776 (0.00370 - 0.01627), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .