Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cyprinodontiformes
(Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae
(Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Poecilia: Greek, poikilos = with a lot of colours (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Bragança & Costa.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical
South America: Parnaíba and Mearim river basins in northeastern Brazil.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Morphology | Morphometrics
Hypothesized to be closely related to Poecilia. branneri and P. minima by sharing eight apomorphic conditions: teeth of the external rows of dentary and premaxilla conical; 5-7 teeth on the external rows of dentary and premaxilla; vomer process not longitudinally elongated; tip of gonopodial rays 3 and 4a ankylosed; dorsal fin with 8 rays in males and 7 rays in females; penultimate dorsal-fin ray of male elongated; presence of a black blotch on the posterior portion of the caudal peduncle in both sexes; middle portion of flank with vertical pale gray bars in males. Distinguished from all of its congeners by the presence of a round or slightly vertically elongated post humeral blotch (vs. slightly ventrally dislocated post humeral blotch in P. minima, vertically elongated post humeral blotch in P. parae, P. bifurca and P. picta and post-humeral blotch absent in P. branneri) (Ref. 86528).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bragança, P.H.N. and W.J.E.M. Costa, 2010. Poecilia sarrafae, a new poeciliid from the Parnaíba and Mearim river basins, northeastern Brazil (Cyprinodontiformes: Cyprinodontoidei). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 21(4):369-376. (Ref. 86528)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)
CITES (Ref. 115941)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates of some properties based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00517 - 0.02671), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 2.6 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (25 of 100) .