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Parupeneus angulatus Randall & Heemstra, 2009

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Parupeneus angulatus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Mullidae (Goatfishes)
Etymology: Parupeneus: Latin, parum, parvum = small + Peneus, the name of a river;  angulatus: Name from Latin angulus, referring to the obtusely angular posterior edge of the maxilla.  More on authors: Randall & Heemstra.

Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology

Marine; reef-associated; depth range ? - 57 m (Ref. 82838).   Tropical

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: Seychelles.

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82838)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Anal spines: 7; Vertebrae: 24. This species is characterized by the following features: pectoral-fin rays 15-16; gill rakers 6 + 20; elongate body with depth 3.75-3.8 in SL; head length 3.0 in SL; interorbital space flat medially; snout length 2.0 in HL; posterior end of maxilla symmetrical, but angular, forming an angle of about 135°; depth of maxilla 4.6-4.8 in HL; barbel length 1.35-1.4 in HL; longest dorsal spine 1.55-1.75 in HL; pectoral fins 1.45-1.55 in HL; pelvic fins 1.6 in HL; colour of alcohol preserved specimen uniform light brown, the caudal fin light brown, grading to pale yellowish distally, and remaining fins pale yellowish (Ref. 82838).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Randall, John E. | Collaborators

Randall, J.E. and E. Heemstra, 2009. Three new goatfishes of the genus Parupeneus from the Western Indian Ocean, with resurrection of P. seychellensis. Smithiana Bulletin 10:37-50. (Ref. 82838)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 119314)


CITES (Ref. 115941)

Not Evaluated

CMS (Ref. 116361)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless





Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FishSource |

More information

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Ciguatera
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Internet sources

Aquatic Commons | BHL | Cloffa | Websites from users | Check FishWatcher | CISTI | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | DiscoverLife | ECOTOX | Faunafri | Fishtrace | GenBank(genome, nucleotide) | GloBI | Google Books | Google Scholar | Google | IGFA World Record | MitoFish | Otolith Atlas of Taiwan Fishes | PubMed | Reef Life Survey | SeaLifeBase | Tree of Life | Wikipedia(Go, Search) | World Records Freshwater Fishing | Zoobank | Zoological Record

Estimates of some properties based on models

Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805):  PD50 = 0.5000   [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00528 - 0.02495), b=3.08 (2.91 - 3.25), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245).
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278):  3.4   ±0.4 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 69278):  High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153):  Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .